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artel

[ahr-tel] /ɑrˈtɛl/
noun
1.
(in Russia or the Soviet Union) a peasants' or workers' cooperative; an association of workers or peasants for collective effort.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; < Russian artél', perhaps ultimately < a derivative of Turkic ort- middle (compare Turkish ortak partner, ortaklιk association), though identity of suffixed element(s) unclear
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for artel

artel

/ɑːˈtɛl/
noun
1.
(in the former Soviet Union) a cooperative union or organization, esp of producers, such as peasants
2.
(in prerevolutionary Russia) a quasi-cooperative association of people engaged in the same activity
Word Origin
from Russian artel', from Italian artieri artisans, from arte work, from Latin arsart1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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