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[ahr-tuh-ree] /ˈɑr tə ri/
noun, plural arteries.
Anatomy. a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
a main channel or highway, especially of a connected system with many branches.
Origin of artery
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin artēria < Greek: windpipe, artery. See aorta Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for arteries


noun (pl) -teries
any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body Compare pulmonary artery, vein
a major road or means of communication in any complex system
Word Origin
C14: from Latin artēria, related to Greek aortē the great artery, aorta
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arteries



late 14c., from Anglo-French arterie, Old French artaire (13c.; Modern French artère), and directly from Latin arteria, from Greek arteria "windpipe," also "an artery," as distinct from a vein; related to aeirein "to raise" (see aorta).

They were regarded by the ancients as air ducts because the arteries do not contain blood after death; medieval writers took them for the channels of the "vital spirits," and 16c. senses of artery in English include "trachea, windpipe." The word is used in reference to artery-like systems of major rivers from 1805; of railways from 1850.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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arteries in Medicine

artery ar·ter·y (är'tə-rē)
Any of a branching system of muscular, elastic blood vessels that, except for the pulmonary and umbilical arteries, carry aerated blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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arteries in Science
Any of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Arteries are flexible, elastic tubes with muscular walls that expand and contract to pump blood through the body.

arterial adjective (är-tîr'ē-əl)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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arteries in Culture

arteries definition

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart and to the body tissues. (Compare veins; see circulatory system.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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