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artery

[ahr-tuh-ree] /ˈɑr tə ri/
noun, plural arteries.
1.
Anatomy. a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
2.
a main channel or highway, especially of a connected system with many branches.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin artēria < Greek: windpipe, artery. See aorta
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for artery
  • In arteriotomy an artery was punctured, although generally only in the temples.
  • The mca is the largest branch of the internal carotid artery.
  • Method the first step is ligating the supplying artery and vein, to prevent hemorrhage.
  • The large majority of women have the garden variety of coronary artery disease.
  • No inducible coronary artery spasm present during cardiac catheterization.
British Dictionary definitions for artery

artery

/ˈɑːtərɪ/
noun (pl) -teries
1.
any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body Compare pulmonary artery, vein
2.
a major road or means of communication in any complex system
Word Origin
C14: from Latin artēria, related to Greek aortē the great artery, aorta
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for artery
n.

late 14c., from Anglo-French arterie, Old French artaire (13c.; Modern French artère), and directly from Latin arteria, from Greek arteria "windpipe," also "an artery," as distinct from a vein; related to aeirein "to raise" (see aorta).

They were regarded by the ancients as air ducts because the arteries do not contain blood after death; medieval writers took them for the channels of the "vital spirits," and 16c. senses of artery in English include "trachea, windpipe." The word is used in reference to artery-like systems of major rivers from 1805; of railways from 1850.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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artery in Medicine

artery ar·ter·y (är'tə-rē)
n.
Any of a branching system of muscular, elastic blood vessels that, except for the pulmonary and umbilical arteries, carry aerated blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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artery in Science
artery
  (är'tə-rē)   
Any of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Arteries are flexible, elastic tubes with muscular walls that expand and contract to pump blood through the body.

arterial adjective (är-tîr'ē-əl)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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