article

[ahr-ti-kuhl]
noun
1.
a written composition in prose, usually nonfiction, on a specific topic, forming an independent part of a book or other publication, as a newspaper or magazine.
2.
an individual object, member, or portion of a class; an item or particular: an article of food; articles of clothing.
3.
something of indefinite character or description: What is that article?
4.
an item for sale; commodity.
5.
Grammar. any member of a small class of words, or, as in Swedish or Romanian, affixes, found in certain languages, as English, French, and Arabic, that are linked to nouns and that typically have a grammatical function identifying the noun as a noun rather than describing it. In English the definite article is the, the indefinite article is a or an, and their force is generally to impart specificity to the noun or to single out the referent from the class named by the noun.
6.
a clause, item, point, or particular in a contract, treaty, or other formal agreement; a condition or stipulation in a contract or bargain: The lawyers disagreed on the article covering plagiarism suits.
7.
a separate clause or provision of a statute.
8.
Slang. a person.
9.
Archaic. a subject or matter of interest, thought, business, etc.
10.
Obsolete. a specific or critical point of time; juncture or moment: the article of death.
verb (used with object), articled, articling.
11.
to set forth in articles; charge or accuse specifically: They articled his alleged crimes.
12.
to bind by articles of covenant or stipulation: to article an apprentice.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English < Anglo-French, Medieval Latin articulus article of faith, Latin: joint, limb, member, clause, grammatical article, equivalent to arti- (combining form of artus joint; akin to arthro-, arm2) + -culus -cule1

subarticle, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
article (ˈɑːtɪkəl)
 
n
1.  one of a class of objects; item: an article of clothing
2.  an unspecified or previously named thing, esp a small object: he put the article on the table
3.  a distinct part of a subject or action
4.  a written composition on a subject, often being one of several found in a magazine, newspaper, etc
5.  grammar definite article See also indefinite article a kind of determiner, occurring in many languages including English, that lacks independent meaning but may serve to indicate the specificity of reference of the noun phrase with which it occurs
6.  a clause or section in a written document such as a treaty, contract, statute, etc
7.  in articles formerly, undergoing training, according to the terms of a written contract, in the legal profession
8.  (often capital) Christianity article of faith See Thirty-nine Articles
9.  archaic a topic or subject
 
vb
10.  archaic to accuse
 
[C13: from Old French, from Latin articulus small joint, from artus joint]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

article
early 13c., "separate parts of anything written" (e.g. the statements in the Apostles' Creed, the clauses of a statute or contract), from O.Fr. article (13c.), from L. articulus, dim. of artus "a joint" (from PIE *ar-tu-, from *ar- "to fit together;" (see arm (1)). Meaning extended
to "a small division," then generalized to "item, thing." Older sense preserved in Articles of War "military regulations" (1716) and Articles of Confederation (U.S. history). Meaning "literary composition in a journal, etc." (independent, but part of a larger work) first recorded 1712. Meaning "piece of property" (clothing, etc.) first attested 1796, originally in rogue's cant.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

articles definition


In grammar, the words a, an, and the, which precede a noun or its modifier. The is the definite article; a and an are indefinite articles.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Replies, in the shape of books and pamphlets and articles, continued for many
  months to be issued.
He never uses a long word when a short one will answer, and he never uses
  articles when they can be avoided.
They haven't published any articles in learned journals, and they don't claim
  to be in the forefront of hippo ethology.
Formal dress dictated that females wear such intimate, and often uncomfortable,
  articles of clothing.
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