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artiodactyl

[ahr-tee-oh-dak-til] /ˌɑr ti oʊˈdæk tɪl/
adjective
1.
Zoology. having an even number of toes or digits on each foot.
noun
2.
a hoofed, even-toed mammal of the order Artiodactyla, comprising the pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, giraffes, pronghorns, sheep, goats, antelope, and cattle.
Compare perissodactyl.
Origin of artiodactyl
1840-1850
1840-50; < New Latin; see artio-, dactyl
Related forms
artiodactylous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for artiodactyl
Historical Examples
  • The artiodactyl group must have quickly branched in turn, as we find very primitive hogs and camels before the end of the Eocene.

    The Story of Evolution Joseph McCabe
  • One leading to the existing perissodactyl foot, and the other, apparently later, resulting in the artiodactyl type.

  • Or, to put it more definitely: hoofed animals are divided into two groups, even-toed (artiodactyl) and odd-toed (perissodactyl).

    Evolution Joseph Le Conte
  • The great group is now usually divided into those that are odd-toed (Perissodactyl) and those that are even-toed (artiodactyl).

    The Chain of Life in Geological Time Sir J. William Dawson
British Dictionary definitions for artiodactyl

artiodactyl

/ˌɑːtɪəʊˈdæktɪl/
noun
1.
any placental mammal of the order Artiodactyla, having hooves with an even number of toes; an even-toed ungulate. The order includes pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, cattle, and antelopes
adjective
2.
of, relating to, or belonging to the order Artiodactyla
Derived Forms
artiodactylous, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin artiodactylus, from Greek ártios even + daktulos digit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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artiodactyl in Science
artiodactyl
  (är'tē-ō-dāk'təl)   
Any of various hoofed mammals of the order Artiodactyla, having an even number of toes on each foot. Artiodactyls include the pig, sheep, ox, deer, giraffe, and hippopotamus. Also called even-toed ungulate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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