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[ar-uh-bal-uh s] /ˌær əˈbæl əs/
noun, plural aryballoi
[ar-uh-bal-oi] /ˌær əˈbæl ɔɪ/ (Show IPA).
Greek and Roman Antiquity
an oil jar, characterized by a spherical body, flat-rimmed mouth, and often a single handle extending from the lip to the shoulder of the jar, used chiefly for fragrant ointments.
1840-50; < Greek arýballos a draw-purse, equivalent to arý(ein) to draw + -ballos, akin to ballántion purse
Related forms
aryballoid, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Encyclopedia Article for aryballos

small, narrow-necked, spherical or globular Greek vase. Commonly used as a scent or oil bottle, particularly by athletes at the baths, the aryballos derives from the globular wine pourer (oinochoe) of the Geometric style (9th century BC), evolving its distinctive shape in the early Proto-Corinthian style (8th century BC). From the many aryballoi that have been found dating from the late 8th and 7th centuries BC, an evolution can be traced from a round to an ovoid shape, then to a pointed, top-heavy version, and finally to a round shape; the round, Corinthian type has a broad, disklike mouth, often nearly matching the circumference of the flask, and one small handle. Later aryballoi have a bell-shaped mouth, two handles with slight projections at the bases, and a flat bottom.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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