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[as-er-teyn] /ˌæs ərˈteɪn/
verb (used with object)
to find out definitely; learn with certainty or assurance; determine:
to ascertain the facts.
Archaic. to make certain, clear, or definitely known.
Origin of ascertain
1400-50; late Middle English, variant of assertain, acertain < Middle French acertain- (tonic stem of acertener to make certain), equivalent to a- a-5 + certain certain
Related forms
ascertainable, adjective
ascertainably, adverb
ascertainer, noun
ascertainment, noun
nonascertainable, adjective
nonascertainableness, noun
nonascertainably, adverb
nonascertainment, noun
preascertain, verb (used with object)
preascertainment, noun
unascertainable, adjective
unascertainably, adverb
unascertained, adjective
well-ascertained, adjective
Synonym Study
1. See learn. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for ascertained


verb (transitive)
to determine or discover definitely
(archaic) to make certain
Derived Forms
ascertainable, adjective
ascertainably, adverb
ascertainment, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French acertener to make certain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ascertained



early 15c., "to inform, to give assurance," from Anglo-French acerteiner, Old French acertener "to assure, certify" (13c.), from a "to" (see ad-) + certain "certain" (see certain). Modern meaning of "find out for sure by experiment or investigation" is first attested 1794. Related: Ascertained; ascertaining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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