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assay

[v. a-sey; n. as-ey, a-sey] /v. æˈseɪ; n. ˈæs eɪ, æˈseɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to examine or analyze:
to assay a situation; to assay an event.
2.
Metallurgy. to analyze (an ore, alloy, etc.) in order to determine the quantity of gold, silver, or other metal in it.
3.
Pharmacology. to subject (a drug) to an analysis for the determination of its potency or composition.
4.
to judge the quality of; assess; evaluate:
to assay someone's efforts.
5.
to try or test; put to trial:
to assay one's strength; to assay one's debating abilities.
6.
to attempt; try; essay:
to assay a dance step.
verb (used without object)
7.
to contain, as shown by analysis, a certain proportion of usually precious metal.
noun
8.
Metallurgy. determination of the amount of metal, especially gold or silver, in an ore, alloy, etc.
9.
a substance undergoing analysis or trial.
10.
a detailed report of the findings in assaying a substance.
11.
Archaic. examination; trial; attempt; essay.
Origin of assay
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Middle French; variant of essay
Related forms
assayable, adjective
assayer, noun
unassayed, adjective
unassaying, adjective
Can be confused
assay, essay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for assayer
Historical Examples
  • Guffaws suddenly rose from the little crowd by the assayer's sign.

    Rimrock Trail J. Allan Dunn
  • Wouldn't it be wiser to tell the assayer and get him to help?

    Tabitha's Vacation Ruth Alberta Brown
  • "It's from the assayer; I left word at the settlement for the message to be sent on," he explained.

    For the Allinson Honor Harold Bindloss
  • One of these days we shall have to appoint an assayer of consciences at the Mint.

    Napoleon the Little Victor Hugo
  • The assayer, bewildered at Sandy's assumption of friendship, waved his hand deprecatingly.

    Rimrock Trail J. Allan Dunn
  • Sandy introduced Sam as his partner, Westlake as a mining engineer and assayer.

    Rimrock Trail J. Allan Dunn
  • And on other grounds the determination of a specific gravity is one of the operations with which an assayer should be familiar.

    A Textbook of Assaying: For the Use of Those Connected with Mines. Cornelius Beringer and John Jacob Beringer
  • The assayer of Provinces spent most of his time trout-fishing.

  • Tom had returned before this with reports from the assayer and copies of the filing of the claims.

    Ruth Fielding In the Saddle Alice B. Emerson
  • "We might try little Aleck Smith, the teamster," said the assayer, thoughtfully.

    The Trail of The Badger Sidford F. Hamp
British Dictionary definitions for assayer

assay

verb (əˈseɪ)
1.
to subject (a substance, such as silver or gold) to chemical analysis, as in the determination of the amount of impurity
2.
(transitive) to attempt (something or to do something)
3.
(transitive; may take a clause as object) to test, analyse, or evaluate: to assay the significance of early childhood experience
noun (əˈseɪ; ˈæseɪ)
4.
  1. an analysis, esp a determination of the amount of metal in an ore or the amounts of impurities in a precious metal
  2. (as modifier): an assay office
5.
a substance undergoing an analysis
6.
a written report on the results of an analysis
7.
a test
8.
(archaic) an attempt
Derived Forms
assayable, adjective
assayer, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old Northern French assai; see essay
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for assayer

assay

v.

c.1300, "to try, endeavor, strive; test the quality of," from Anglo-French assaier, from assai (n.), from Old French essai "trial" (see essay).

n.

"trial, test of quality, test of character," mid-14c., from Anglo-French assai (see assay (v.)). Meaning "analysis" is from late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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assayer in Medicine

assay as·say (ās'ā', ā-sā')
n.

  1. Qualitative or quantitative analysis of a substance, especially of an ore or a drug, to determine its components.

  2. A substance to be so analyzed.

  3. The result of such an analysis.

  4. An analysis or examination.

v. as·sayed, as·say·ing, as·says (ā-sā', ās'ā')
  1. To subject a substance to chemical analysis.

  2. To examine a person's capability by trial or experiment; put to a test.

  3. To evaluate a situation; assess.

  4. To attempt; try.

  5. To be shown by analysis to contain a certain proportion of atoms, molecules, compounds, or precious metal.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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assayer in Science
assay
  (ās'ā, ə-sā')   
  1. A quantitative determination of the amount of a given substance in a particular sample. Assays are regularly used to determine the purity of precious metals. They can be performed by wet methods or dry methods. In the wet method, the sample is dissolved in a reagent, like an acid, until the purified metal is separated out. In the dry method, the sample is mixed with a flux (a substance such as borax or silica that helps lower the melting temperature) and then heated to the point where impurities in the metal fuse with the flux, leaving the purified metal as a residue.

  2. A bioassay.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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