assonance

[as-uh-nuhns]
noun
1.
resemblance of sounds.
2.
Also called vowel rhyme. Prosody. rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words, as in penitent and reticence.
3.
partial agreement or correspondence.

Origin:
1720–30; < French, equivalent to asson(ant) sounding in answer (see as-, sonant) + -ance -ance

assonant, adjective, noun
assonantal [as-uh-nan-tl] , assonantic, adjective
nonassonance, noun
nonassonant, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
assonance (ˈæsənəns)
 
n
1.  the use of the same vowel sound with different consonants or the same consonant with different vowels in successive words or stressed syllables, as in a line of verse. Examples are time and light or mystery and mastery
2.  partial correspondence; rough similarity
 
[C18: from French, from Latin assonāre to sound, from sonāre to sound]
 
'assonant
 
adj, —n
 
assonantal
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

assonance
1727, "resemblance of sounds between words," from Fr. assonance, from assonant, from L. assonantem (nom. assonans), prp. of assonare "respond to," from ad- "to" + sonare "to sound" (see sound (n.1)). Properly, in prosody, "rhyming of accented vowels, but not consonants" (1823).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

assonance

in prosody, repetition of stressed vowel sounds within words with different end consonants, as in the phrase "quite like." It is unlike rhyme, in which initial consonants differ but both vowel and end-consonant sounds are identical, as in the phrase "quite right." Many common phrases, such as "mad as a hatter," "free as a breeze," or "high as a kite," owe their appeal to assonance. As a poetic device, internal assonance is usually combined with alliteration (repetition of initial consonant sounds) and consonance (repetition of end or medial consonant sounds) to enrich the texture of the poetic line. Sometimes a single vowel sound is repeated, as in the opening line of Thomas Hood's "Autumn": I saw old Autumn in the misty morn

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The goal for this instance is to maximize the consonance and assonance of adjacent consonants and vowels, respectively.
They have sonority, assonance, and in some instances even alliteration.
He could add inconsistent and inattentive and keep his assonance intact.
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