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present1

[prez-uh nt] /ˈprɛz ənt/
adjective
1.
being, existing, or occurring at this time or now; current:
the present ruler.
2.
at this time; at hand; immediate:
articles for present use.
3.
Grammar.
  1. noting an action or state occurring at the moment of speaking. Knows is a present form in He knows that.
  2. noting or pertaining to a tense or other verb formation with such meaning.
4.
being with one or others or in the specified or understood place:
to be present at the wedding.
5.
being here:
Is everyone present?
6.
existing or occurring in a place, thing, combination, or the like:
Carbon is present in many minerals.
7.
being actually here or under consideration:
the present document; the present topic.
8.
being before the mind.
9.
Obsolete. mentally alert and calm, especially in emergencies.
10.
Obsolete. immediate or instant.
noun
11.
the present time.
12.
Grammar.
  1. the present tense.
  2. a verb formation or construction with present meaning.
  3. a form in the present.
13.
presents, Law. the present writings, or this document, used in a deed of conveyance, a lease, etc., to denote the document itself:
Know all men by these presents.
14.
Obsolete. the matter in hand.
Idioms
15.
at present, at the present time or moment; now:
There are no job openings here at present.
16.
for the present, for now; temporarily:
For the present, we must be content with matters as they stand.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (adj.) Middle English < Old French < Latin praesent- (stem of praesēns) present participle of praeësse to be present, before others, i.e., to preside, be in charge; (noun) Middle English: presence, spatial or temporal present; partly derivative of the adj., partly < Old French. See pre-, is, -ent
Related forms
presentness, noun
Synonyms
1. extant. See current.
Antonyms
1. absent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for at present

present1

/ˈprɛzənt/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) in existence at the moment in time at which an utterance is spoken or written
2.
(postpositive) being in a specified place, thing, etc: the murderer is present in this room
3.
(prenominal) now in consideration or under discussion: the present topic, the present author
4.
(grammar) denoting a tense of verbs used when the action or event described is occurring at the time of utterance or when the speaker does not wish to make any explicit temporal reference
5.
(archaic) readily available; instant: present help is at hand
6.
(archaic) mentally alert; attentive
noun
7.
the present, the time being; now
8.
(grammar)
  1. the present tense
  2. a verb in this tense
9.
at present, at the moment; now
10.
for the present, for the time being; temporarily
See also presents
Word Origin
C13: from Latin praesens, from praeesse to be in front of, from prae- before, in front + esse to be

present2

verb (mainly transitive) (prɪˈzɛnt)
1.
to introduce (a person) to another, esp to someone of higher rank
2.
to introduce to the public: to present a play
3.
to introduce and compere (a radio or television show)
4.
to show; exhibit: he presented a brave face to the world
5.
to put forward; submit: she presented a proposal for a new book
6.
to bring or suggest to the mind: to present a problem
7.
to give or award: to present a prize
8.
to endow with or as if with a gift or award: to present a university with a foundation scholarship
9.
to offer formally: to present one's compliments
10.
to offer or hand over for action or settlement: to present a bill
11.
to represent or depict in a particular manner: the actor presented Hamlet as a very young man
12.
to salute someone with (one's weapon) (usually in the phrase present arms)
13.
to aim or point (a weapon)
14.
to nominate (a clergyman) to a bishop for institution to a benefice in his diocese
15.
to lay (a charge, etc) before a court, magistrate, etc, for consideration or trial
16.
to bring a formal charge or accusation against (a person); indict
17.
(mainly US) (of a grand jury) to take notice of (an offence) from personal knowledge or observation, before any bill of indictment has been drawn up
18.
(intransitive) (med) to seek treatment for a particular symptom or problem: she presented with postnatal depression
19.
(intransitive) (informal) to produce a favourable, etc impression: she presents well in public, he presents as harmless but has poisoned his family
20.
present oneself, to appear, esp at a specific time and place
noun (ˈprɛzənt)
21.
anything that is presented; a gift
22.
make someone a present of something, to give someone something: I'll make you a present of a new car
Word Origin
C13: from Old French presenter, from Latin praesentāre to exhibit, offer, from praesenspresent1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for at present

present

adj.

c.1300, "existing at the time," from Old French present "evident, at hand, within reach;" as a noun, "the present time" (11c., Modern French présent) and directly from Latin praesentem (nominative praesens) "present, at hand, in sight; immediate; prompt, instant; contemporary," from present participle of præesse "be before (someone or something), be at hand," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + esse "to be" (see essence). Meaning "being there" is from mid-14c. in English. As a grammatical tense, recorded from late 14c.

v.

c.1300, "introduce (someone or something) formally or ceremonially;" also "make a formal presentation of; give as a gift or award; bestow," from Old French presenter (11c., Modern French présenter) and directly from Latin praesentare "to place before, show, exhibit," from stem of praesens (see present (adj.)). From late 14c. as "exhibit (something), offer for inspection, display;" also, in law, "make a formal complaint or charge of wrongdoing." From c.1400 as"represent, portray." Related: Presented; presenting.

n.

"this point in time" (opposed to past and future), c.1300, "the present time," also "act or fact of being present; portion of space around someone," from Old French present (n.) from Latin praesens "being there" (see present (adj.)). In old legalese, these presents means "these documents."

c.1200, "thing offered, what is offered or given as a gift," from Old French present and Medieval Latin presentia, from phrases such as French en present "(to offer) in the presence of," mettre en present "place before, give," from Late Latin inpraesent "face to face," from Latin in re praesenti "in the situation in question," from praesens "being there" (see present (adj.)), on the notion of "bringing something into someone's presence."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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at present in Medicine

present pre·sent (prĭ-zěnt')
v. pre·sent·ed, pre·sent·ing, pre·sents

  1. To appear or be felt first during birth. Used of the part of the fetus that proceeds first through the birth canal.

  2. To come before a doctor or nurse, as with a medical problem or condition.

  3. To manifest a symptom.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Idioms and Phrases with at present

at present

Also, at the present time. Now, as in I've not enough cash at present to lend you any, or At present the house is still occupied. This slightly longer way of saying “at this time” formerly was even longer— at this present or at that present—denoting a more specific time. [ Mid-1600s ]
Also see: at this point
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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