verb (used with object), atomized, atomizing.
to reduce to atoms.
to reduce to fine particles or spray.
to destroy (a target) by bombing, especially with an atomic bomb.
verb (used without object), atomized, atomizing.
to split into many sections, groups, factions, etc.; fragmentize: Critics say the group has atomized around several leaders.
Also, especially British, atomise.

1670–80; atom + -ize

atomization, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
atomize or atomise (ˈætəˌmaɪz)
1.  to separate or be separated into free atoms
2.  to reduce (a liquid or solid) to fine particles or spray or (of a liquid or solid) to be reduced in this way
3.  (tr) to destroy by weapons, esp nuclear weapons
atomise or atomise
atomi'zation or atomise
atomi'sation or atomise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"reduce a liquid to a very fine mist," 1865, verb formed from atom + -ize. Originally in ref. to medical treatment for injured or diseased lungs; sense of "to destroy with atomic weapons" is from 1945. Related: Atomizer (1865); atomization (1866).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Spray guns used in refinishing automobiles atomize paint with compressed air
  and project a paint mist onto the vehicle surface.
Air-atomized spray coating uses compressed air, which maybe heated and
  filtered, to atomize the coating and to direct the spray.
Such material will not atomize or spray properly, resulting in poor adhesion to
  the substrate.
The nozzles atomize water into micro-fine fog droplets that evaporate quickly.
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