verb (used with object)
to reach, achieve, or accomplish; gain; obtain: to attain one's goals.
to come to or arrive at, especially after some labor or tedium; reach: to attain the age of 96; to attain the mountain peak.
verb (used without object)
to arrive at or succeed in reaching or obtaining something (usually followed by to or unto ): to attain to knowledge.
to reach in the course of development or growth: These trees attain to remarkable height.

1300–50; Middle English atei(g)nen < Anglo-French, Old French ateign- (stem of ateindre) < Vulgar Latin *attangere (for Latin attingere), equivalent to Latin at- at- + tangere to touch

attainer, noun
reattain, verb (used with object)
unattained, adjective
unattaining, adjective
well-attained, adjective

1. secure. See gain1.

1, 2. miss. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
attain (əˈteɪn)
vb (often foll by to)
1.  (tr) to achieve or accomplish (a task, goal, aim, etc)
2.  (tr) to reach or arrive at in space or time: to attain old age
3.  to arrive (at) with effort or exertion: to attain to glory
[C14: from Old French ateindre, from Latin attingere to reach, from tangere to touch]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "to succeed in reaching," from stem of O.Fr. ataindre (11c., Mod.Fr. atteindre) "to come up to, reach, attain, endeavor, strive," from V.L. *adtangere, from L. attingere "to touch, to arrive at," from ad- "to" + tangere "to touch" (see tangent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Rockfish are exceptionally long-lived fish; black rockfish live to age 40, and
  yelloweye rockfish can attain ages of over 100.
It's a goal that disciplines minds, even if you never quite attain it.
Many attain the grades normally needed to get into university.
How-to investment books tell readers how to attain the moneyed life.
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