augment

[v. awg-ment; n. awg-ment]
verb (used with object)
1.
to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent; increase: His salary is augmented by a small inheritance.
2.
Music.
a.
to raise (the upper note of an interval or chord) by a half step.
b.
to double the note values of (a theme): In the fugue's development the subject is augmented.
3.
Grammar. to add an augment to.
4.
Heraldry. to grant an augmentation to (a coat of arms).
verb (used without object)
5.
to become larger.
noun
6.
Grammar. a prefixed vowel or a lengthening of the initial vowel that characterizes certain forms in the nonpresent inflection of verbs in Greek, Sanskrit, Armenian, and Phrygian.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English au(g)menten < Anglo-French, Middle French au(g)menter < Late Latin augmentāre to increase, derivative of augmentum an increase (aug(ēre) to increase (akin to eke) + -mentum -ment) + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive ending

augmentable, adjective
unaugmentable, adjective
unaugmented, adjective


1. swell. See increase. 5. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
augment
 
vb
1.  to make or become greater in number, amount, strength, etc; increase
2.  (tr) music Compare diminish to increase (a major or perfect interval) by a semitone
3.  (tr) (in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) to prefix a vowel or diphthong to (a verb) to form a past tense
 
n
4.  (in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) a vowel or diphthong prefixed to a verb to form a past tense
 
[C15: from Late Latin augmentāre to increase, from augmentum growth, from Latin augēre to increase]
 
aug'mentable
 
adj
 
aug'mentor
 
n
 
aug'menter
 
n

augmented (ɔːɡˈmɛntɪd)
 
adj
1.  music Compare diminished (of an interval) increased or expanded from the state of being perfect or major by the raising of the higher note or the dropping of the lower note by one semitone: C to G is a perfect fifth, but C to G sharp is an augmented fifth
2.  music
 a.  denoting a chord based upon an augmented triad: an augmented seventh chord
 b.  denoting a triad consisting of the root plus a major third and an augmented fifth
 c.  (postpositive) (esp in jazz) denoting a chord having as its root the note specified: D augmented
3.  having been increased, esp in number: an augmented orchestra

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

augment
c.1400, from O.Fr. augmenter (14c.), from L.L. augmentare "to increase," from L. augmentum "an increase," from augere "to increase, make big, enlarge, enrich," from PIE base *aug- "to increase" (cf. Skt. ojas- "strength;" Lith. augu "to grow," aukstas "high, of superior rank;" Gk. auxo "increase," auxein
"to increase;" Goth. aukan "to grow, increase;" O.E. eacien "to increase").

augmented
pp. adj. from augment, c.1600. Musical sense is attested from 1825.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The app itself allows visitors to view three-dimensional models using a
  technology called augmented reality.
Augmented cognition could also find its way into work, too.
Nothing short of an augmented reality world that you can interact with.
Much of the maintenance is augmented by retired volunteers.
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