auxerre

Yonne

[yawn]
noun
a department in central France. 2881 sq. mi. (7460 sq. km). Capital: Auxerre.
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Auxerre (French ozɛr)
 
n
a town in central France, capital of Yonne department; Gothic cathedral. Pop: 37 790 (1999)

Yonne (French jɔn)
 
n
1.  a department of N central France, in Burgundy region. Capital: Auxerre. Pop: 335 917 (2003 est). Area: 7461 sq km (2910 sq miles)
2.  a river in N France, flowing generally northwest to the Seine at Montereau. Length: 290 km (180 miles)

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auxerre

town, capital of Yonne departement, Bourgogne region, central France, on the Yonne River. The town, which flourished in pre-Roman and Roman days, became the seat of a bishop and a civitas (provincial capital) in the 3rd century. It was united to France by Louis XI in the 1400s. Auxerre's most notable landmark, the Cathedral of Saint-Etienne (13th-16th-century Gothic), has three sculptured doorways and a rose window on the west front. A massive tower rises in the northwest corner. The early Gothic choir and the apsidal chapel contain some of the best 13th-century stained glass in France. The Church of Saint-Eusebe (founded 7th century) shows styles from the 12th to the 16th century. Below the Church of Saint-Germain, crypts of the 9th century contain tombs of the bishops of Auxerre.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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