verb (used with object), avenged, avenging.
to take vengeance or exact satisfaction for: to avenge a grave insult.
to take vengeance on behalf of: He avenged his brother.

1325–75; Middle English avengen < Old French avengier, equivalent to a- a-5 + vengier < Latin vindicāre; see vindicate

avengeful, adjective
avenger, noun
avengingly, adverb
unavenged, adjective
unavenging, adjective
unavengingly, adverb

vindicate. Avenge, revenge both imply to inflict pain or harm in return for pain or harm inflicted on oneself or those persons or causes to which one feels loyalty. The two words were formerly interchangeable, but have been differentiated until they now convey widely diverse ideas. Avenge is now restricted to inflicting punishment as an act of retributive justice or as a vindication of propriety: to avenge a murder by bringing the criminal to trial. Revenge implies inflicting pain or harm to retaliate for real or fancied wrongs; a reflexive pronoun is often used with this verb: Iago wished to revenge himself upon Othello.

1. forgive.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
avenge (əˈvɛndʒ)
(usually tr) to inflict a punishment in retaliation for (harm, injury, etc) done to (a person or persons); take revenge for or on behalf of: to avenge a crime; to avenge a murdered friend
[C14: from Old French avengier, from vengier, from Latin vindicāre; see vengeance, vindicate]
usage  The use of avenge with a reflexive pronoun was formerly considered incorrect, but is now acceptable: she avenged herself on the man who killed her daughter

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. avengier, from a- "to" + vengier "take revenge" (Mod.Fr. venger), from L. vindicare "to claim, avenge, punish" (see vindicate). Related: Avenging.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She promises not to avenge the coup or to rush into pardoning and bringing home her brother.
Both swore to avenge the dead and resuscitate the living.
It is not handled by some self-appointed vigilante who take it upon himself to
  avenge any affront to another.
She vows to avenge him, which drives the plot in the rest of the books.
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