back-formation

back formation

noun Linguistics.
1.
the analogical creation of one word from another word that appears to be a derived or inflected form of the first by dropping the apparent affix or by modification.
2.
a word so formed, as typewrite from typewriter.

Origin:
1885–90

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
back formation
 
n
1.  the invention of a new word on the assumption that a familiar word is derived from it. The verbs edit and burgle were so created from editor and burglar
2.  a word formed by this process

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

back-formation
coined c.1890s by Eng. lexicographer James Murray (1837-1915) from back (adj.) + noun of condition from form (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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