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[bey-nahyt] /ˈbeɪ naɪt/
noun, Metallurgy
an aggregate of iron carbide and ferrite, formed from austenite below the temperature at which pearlite forms and above that at which martensite forms.
Origin of bainite
1930-35; after Edgar C. Bain (1891-1971), American physicist and metallurgist; see -ite1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for bainite
  • The structure consists of martensite, retained austenite, and bainite with carbide segregates along grain boundaries.
British Dictionary definitions for bainite


a mixture of iron and iron carbide found in incompletely hardened steels, produced when austenite is transformed at temperatures between the pearlite and martensite ranges
Word Origin
C20: named after Edgar C. Bain (1891–1971), American physicist; see -ite1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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