balkanization

Balkanize

[bawl-kuh-nahyz]
verb (used with object), Balkanized, Balkanizing.
1.
to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states.
2.
(often lowercase) to divide (groups, areas, etc.) into contending and usually ineffectual factions: a movement to balkanize minority voters.
Also, especially British, Balkanise.


Origin:
1915–20; Balkan + -ize

Balkanization, noun
Balkanism, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Balkanize or Balkanise (ˈbɔːlkəˌnaɪz)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to divide (a territory) into small warring states
2.  to divide (a group or organization) into small factions
 
Balkanise or Balkanise
 
vb
 
Balkani'zation or Balkanise
 
n
 
Balkani'sation or Balkanise
 
n
 
'Balkanized or Balkanise
 
adj
 
'Balkanised or Balkanise
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Balkanize
1920, first used in reference to the Baltic states, on the model of what had happened in the Balkans; said to have been coined by Eng. editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to "German Socialists" describing the results of the treaty of
Brest-Litovsk. Either way, the reference is to the political situation in the Balkans c.1878-1913, when the European section of the Ottoman Empire split up into small, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
balkanization [(bawl-kuh-nuh-zay-shuhn)]

Division of a place or country into several small political units, often unfriendly to one another. The term balkanization comes from the name of the Balkan Peninsula, which was divided into several small nations in the early twentieth century.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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