verb (used with object)
to expel from or relegate to a country or place by authoritative decree; condemn to exile: He was banished to Devil's Island.
to compel to depart; send, drive, or put away: to banish sorrow.

1275–1325; Middle English banisshen < Anglo-French, Old French baniss-, long stem of banir < Frankish *bannjan to proclaim, akin to ban1

banisher, noun
banishment, noun
nonbanishment, noun
probanishment, adjective
self-banished, adjective
self-banishment, noun
unbanished, adjective

1. exile, expatriate, outlaw; deport. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
banish (ˈbænɪʃ)
1.  to expel from a place, esp by an official decree as a punishment
2.  to drive away: to banish gloom
[C14: from Old French banir, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German ban]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., banischen, from banniss-, extended stem of O.Fr. banir "announce, proclaim; levy; forbid; banish, proclaim an outlaw," from Frankish *bannjan "to order or prohibit under penalty," or from V.L. cognate *bannire (see bandit). Related: Banishment (c.1500).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


prolonged absence from one's country imposed by vested authority as a punitive measure. It most likely originated among early civilizations from the practice of designating an offender an outcast and depriving him of the comfort and protection of his group. Exile was practiced by the Greeks chiefly in cases of homicide, although ostracism was a form of exile imposed for political reasons. In Rome, exile (exsilium) arose as a means of circumventing the death penalty (see capital punishment). Before a death sentence was pronounced, a Roman citizen could escape by voluntary exile. Later, degrees of exile were introduced, including temporary or permanent exile, exile with or without loss of citizenship, and exile with or without confiscation of property. The Romans generally determined punishment by class, applying sentences of banishment to the upper classes and sentences of forced labour to the lower classes.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Enraged, he disinherited her and sentenced her to banishment.
But this banishment to the rocks and echoes no metaphysics can make right or
In others, banishment hangs in the balance, with the prospect of families split
  up or swept into harm's way.
Both the cast dinner and beachfront after-party were canceled, and his
  banishment followed the next day.
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