noun (used with a plural verb) Ecclesiastical.
notice of an intended marriage, given three times in the parish church of each of the betrothed.
any public announcement of a proposed marriage, either verbal or written and made in a church or by church officials.
Also, bans.

1540–50; variant of bans, plural of ban2

banns, bans. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
banns or bans (bænz)
pl n
1.  the public declaration of an intended marriage, usually formally announced on three successive Sundays in the parish churches of both the betrothed
2.  forbid the banns to raise an objection to a marriage announced in this way
[C14: plural of bann proclamation; see ban1]
bans or bans
pl n
[C14: plural of bann proclamation; see ban1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

see bann.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Marriages by banns were recorded in the church or parish register.
The marriage may be performed ten days after posting of the banns.
The alternative was to go to church and get married after the banns had been called three successive weeks.
Not if youve had the banns put up properly, or got a license.
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