a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized person.
a person without culture, refinement, or education; philistine.
(loosely) a foreigner.
a non-Greek.
a person living outside, especially north of, the Roman Empire.
a person not living in a Christian country or within a Christian civilization.
(among Italians during the Renaissance) a person of non-Italian origin.
uncivilized; crude; savage.
foreign; alien.

1540–50; < Latin barbari(a) barbarous country (see barbarous, -ia) + -an

barbarianism, noun
half-barbarian, adjective
nonbarbarian, adjective, noun

3. alien. 6. rude, primitive, wild, rough, barbaric, coarse, ignorant, uncultivated. Barbarian, barbaric, barbarous pertain to uncivilized people. Barbarian is the general word for anything uncivilized: a barbarian tribe. Barbaric has both unfavorable and mildly favorable connotations, implying crudeness of taste or practice, or conveying an idea of rude magnificence and splendor: barbaric noise. Barbarous emphasizes the inhumanity and cruelty of barbarian life: barbarous customs.

6. cultivated, civilized. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
barbarian (bɑːˈbɛərɪən)
1.  a member of a primitive or uncivilized people
2.  a coarse, insensitive, or uncultured person
3.  a vicious person
4.  of an uncivilized culture
5.  insensitive, uncultured, or brutal
[C16: see barbarous]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from M.L. barbarinus (cf. O.Fr. barbarin "Berber, pagan, Saracen, barbarian"), from L. barbaria "foreign country," from Gk. barbaros "foreign, strange, ignorant," from PIE base *barbar- echoic of unintelligible speech of foreigners (cf. Skt. barbara- "stammering," also "non-Aryan"). Greek barbaroi
(n.) meant "all that are not Greek," but especially the Medes and Persians. Originally not entirely pejorative, its sense darkened after the Persian wars. The Romans (technically themselves barbaroi) took up the word and applied it to tribes or nations which had no Greek or Roman accomplishments.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Barbarian definition

a Greek word used in the New Testament (Rom. 1:14) to denote one of another nation. In Col. 3:11, the word more definitely designates those nations of the Roman empire that did not speak Greek. In 1 Cor. 14:11, it simply refers to one speaking a different language. The inhabitants of Malta are so called (Acts 28:1,2, 4). They were originally a Carthaginian colony. This word nowhere in Scripture bears the meaning it does in modern times.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The sun served the semi-ape who ranged, and the savage, and even the barbarian.
The only difference is that the meat on the spit is likely to be an unfriendly
  barbarian neighbor.
Becoming a barbarian is always a danger to modern humanity.
Yet that has not stopped today's bankers savouring the prospect of an even
  bigger barbarian raid.
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