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bard1

[bahrd] /bɑrd/
noun
1.
(formerly) a person who composed and recited epic or heroic poems, often while playing the harp, lyre, or the like.
2.
one of an ancient Celtic order of composers and reciters of poetry.
3.
any poet.
4.
the bard, William Shakespeare.
Origin of bard1
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Celtic; compare Irish, Scots Gaelic bard, Welsh bardd, Breton barz < Indo-European *gwrs-do-s singer, akin to Albanian grisha (I) invited (to a wedding)
Related forms
bardic, adjective
bardish, bardlike, adjective
bardship, noun

bard2

or barde (for defs 1, 3)

[bahrd] /bɑrd/
noun
1.
Armor. any of various pieces of defensive armor for a horse.
2.
Cookery. a thin slice of fat or bacon secured to a roast of meat or poultry to prevent its drying out while cooking.
verb (used with object)
3.
Armor. to caparison with bards.
4.
Cookery. to secure thin slices of fat or bacon to (a roast of meat or poultry) before cooking.
Origin
1470-80; < Middle French barde < Southern Italian barda armor for a horse < Arabic bardaʿah packsaddle < Persian pardah covering
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for bard
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They were a sort of cross between the bard and the fortuneteller.

    Bible Studies Joseph M. Wheeler
  • The bard had come to see whether the stories about the harp were true or not.

    Welsh Fairy Tales William Elliott Griffis
  • It may be contended rather that a (somewhat minor) bard in almost every case survives, and is the spice of life to his possessor.

  • Of this the bard remarks “ni mad,” it was not honourable, “non bene.”

    Y Gododin Aneurin
  • He is a reversion to an earlier type, the type of the bard, the skald, the poet-seer.

    The Last Harvest John Burroughs
British Dictionary definitions for bard

bard1

/bɑːd/
noun
1.
  1. (formerly) one of an ancient Celtic order of poets who recited verses about the exploits, often legendary, of their tribes
  2. (in modern times) a poet who wins a verse competition at a Welsh eisteddfod
2.
(archaic or literary) any poet, esp one who writes lyric or heroic verse or is of national importance
Derived Forms
bardic, adjective
bardism, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Scottish Gaelic; related to Welsh bardd

bard2

/bɑːd/
noun
1.
a piece of larding bacon or pork fat placed on game or lean meat during roasting to prevent drying out
2.
an ornamental caparison for a horse
verb (transitive)
3.
to place a bard on
Word Origin
C15: from Old French barde, from Old Italian barda, from Arabic barda`ah packsaddle

Bard

/bɑːd/
noun
1.
the Bard, an epithet of William Shakespeare
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bard
n.

mid-15c., from Scottish, from Old Celtic bardos "poet, singer," from PIE root *gwer- "to lift up the voice, praise." In historical times, a term of contempt among the Scots (who considered them itinerant troublemakers), but one of great respect among the Welsh.

All vagabundis, fulis, bardis, scudlaris, and siclike idill pepill, sall be brint on the cheek. [local Scottish ordinance, c.1500]
Subsequently idealized by Scott in the more ancient sense of "lyric poet, singer." Poetic use of the word in English is from Greek bardos, Latin bardus, both from Gaulish.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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7
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