Barnaul

Barnaul

[bahr-nuh-ool; Russian buhr-nuh-ool]
noun
the capital of the Altai territory in the Russian Federation, on the Ob River, S of Novosibirsk.
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Altai

[al-tahy; Russian uhl-tahy]
noun
a territory of the Russian Federation in central Asia. 101,000 sq. mi. (261,700 sq. km). Capital: Barnaul.
Also, Altay.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Barnaul (Russian bərnaˈul)
 
n
a city in S Russia, on the River Ob. Pop: 605 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

barnaul

city and administrative centre, Altay kray (region), south-central Russia, on the left bank of the Ob River at its confluence with the Barnaulka. In 1738 a silver-refining works was established and the settlement became the hub of the Altay mining region. It was a major trade centre in the second half of the 19th century. Barnaul has good communications by the navigable Ob, by the South Siberian, Turk-Sib, and Omsk-Barnaul railways, and by roads to the Kolyvan-Rubtsovsk mining area and Novosibirsk. As a consequence, its industrial importance has increased and its range of products grown wider. Today its engineering industries produce boilers, presses, diesel motors, and radios; other industries make cotton textiles, chemical fibres, cellophane, tires, and lumber and forest products. There is also a range of consumer-goods industries. Barnaul has a research institute of agriculture and livestock husbandry and institutes for engineering, teacher training, and medicine. Pop. (2002 est.) 603,500

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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