barouche

[buh-roosh]
noun
a four-wheeled carriage with a high front seat outside for the driver, facing seats inside for two couples, and a calash top over the back seat.

Origin:
1795–1805; < dialectal German Barutsche < Italian baroccio < Vulgar Latin *birotium, equivalent to Late Latin birot(us) two-wheeled (see bi-1, rota1) + -ium -ium

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Collins
World English Dictionary
barouche (bəˈruːʃ)
 
n
a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage, popular in the 19th century, having a retractable hood over the rear half, seats inside for two couples facing each other, and a driver's seat outside at the front
 
[C19: from German (dialect) Barutsche, from Italian baroccio, from Vulgar Latin birotium (unattested) vehicle with two wheels, from Late Latin birotus two-wheeled, from bi-1 + rota wheel]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

barouche
type of four-wheeled carriage, 1801, from dial. Ger. barutsche, from It. baroccio "chariot," originally "two-wheeled car," from L. birotus "two-wheeled," from bi- "two" + rotus "wheel," from rotare "go around" (see rotary). Frenchified in English, but the word is not French.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

barouche

(from Czech kolesa: "wheels"), also called Caleche, or Barouche, any of various open carriages, with facing passenger seats and an elevated coachman's seat joined to the front of the shallow body, which somewhat resembled a small boat. A characteristic falling hood over the rear seat gave the name calash to any folding carriage top. Most of the vehicles had four wheels, but some had two. A type used especially in Quebec was two wheeled, with one forward-facing seat, and a driver's seat on the splashboard. Other types were almost identical to chaises and victorias.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Word was sent inside and three citizens were sent out to address the crowd from a barouche.
One big shell attracted his attention and he opened it, half expecting to get a pearl or a barouche.
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