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basal

[bey-suh l, -zuh l] /ˈbeɪ səl, -zəl/
adjective
1.
of, at, or forming the base.
2.
forming a basis; fundamental; basic.
3.
Physiology.
  1. indicating a standard low level of activity of an organism, as during total rest.
  2. of an amount required to maintain this level.
4.
Medicine/Medical. serving to induce a preliminary or light anesthesia prior to total anesthetization.
Origin of basal
1820-1830
1820-30; base1 + -al1
Related forms
basally, adverb
prebasal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for basal

basal

/ˈbeɪsəl/
adjective
1.
at, of, or constituting a base
2.
of or constituting a foundation or basis; fundamental; essential
Derived Forms
basally, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for basal
adj.

"relating to a base," 1828, from base (n.) + -al (1).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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basal in Medicine

basal ba·sal (bā'səl, -zəl)
adj.

  1. Of, relating to, located at, or forming a base, usually of an organ or a tooth.

  2. Of, relating to, of situated at the lowest level, as of an organ.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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