|Basse-Terre (ˈbæsˈtɛə, French bɑstɛr)|
|1.||a mountainous island in the Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands, comprising part of Guadeloupe. Area: 848 sq km (327 sq miles)|
|2.||a port in W Guadeloupe, on Basse-Terre Island: the capital of the French Overseas Department of Guadeloupe. Pop: 12 410 (1999)|
|an overseas region of France in the E Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands, formed by the islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre and several offlying islands; in 2007 the island of Saint-Barthélemy and the part-island dependency of Saint-Martin were separated from Guadeloupe to become Overseas Collectivities directly subordinate to France. Capital: Basse-Terre. Pop: 443 000 (2004 est). Area: 1780 sq km (687 sq miles)|
island in the eastern Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Along with Grande-Terre, its twin to the east, the islands constitute the core of the French overseas departement of Guadeloupe. The two islands are separated by a narrow channel called the Salee River. The island is the site of Guadeloupe's administrative capital, the town of Basse-Terre, on the southwest coast. Basse-Terre is mountainous and volcanic, although the east coast is somewhat flatter than the rest of the island. It receives more precipitation than Grande-Terre, and vegetation is lush. A tropical forest covering about 66 square miles (170 square km) was designated a French national park, the National Park of Guadeloupe, in 1989. The active volcano Soufriere is located within the park, in the island's southern interior. Area 325 square miles (842 square km). Pop. (1999) 172,693.
Learn more about Basse-Terre with a free trial on Britannica.com.