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Bates

[beyts] /beɪts/
noun
1.
Katherine Lee, 1859–1929, U.S. educator and author.

bate1

[beyt] /beɪt/
verb (used with object), bated, bating.
1.
to moderate or restrain:
unable to bate our enthusiasm.
2.
to lessen or diminish; abate:
setbacks that bated his hopes.
verb (used without object), bated, bating.
3.
to diminish or subside; abate.
Idioms
4.
with bated breath, with breath drawn in or held because of anticipation or suspense:
We watched with bated breath as the runners approached the finish line.
Origin of bate1
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English, aphetic variant of abate
Can be confused
baited, bated.

bate2

[beyt] /beɪt/
verb (used without object), bated, bating.
1.
(of a hawk) to flutter its wings and attempt to escape in a fit of anger or fear.
noun
2.
a state of violent anger or fear.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English baten to beat, flap (wings, etc.) < Middle French (se) batreLatin battuere to beat; cf. abate

bate3

[beyt] /beɪt/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bated, bating.
1.
Tanning. to soak (leather) after liming in an alkaline solution to soften it and remove the lime.
noun
2.
the solution used.
Origin
1870-75; variant of beat to pare off turf, Old English bǣtan to bait; cognate with Swedish beta to tan, German beissen to macerate
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for Bates
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • "It shall be done, sir," replied Mr. Bates, who then rose and took his leave.

    The Settlers in Canada Frederick Marryat
  • Bates was a stout sailor, rough in appearance, but with a warm and kindly heart.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • After anxious and arduous discussion, Mr Bates was once more consulted.

    Memoirs of a Midget Walter de la Mare
  • The mandate was obeyed, and Bates was lodged in the forecastle, securely ironed.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • Into the bushes also plunged Bates' pup, and there ensued the sound of sundry baffled yelps.

    The Boarded-Up House Augusta Huiell Seaman
British Dictionary definitions for Bates

Bates

/beɪts/
noun
1.
Sir Alan (Arthur). 1934–2003, British film and stage actor. His films include A Kind of Loving (1962), Women in Love (1969), The Go-Between (1971), and The Cherry Orchard (1999)
2.
H(erbert) E(rnest). 1905–74, English writer of short stories and novels, which include The Darling Buds of May (1958), A Moment in Time (1964), and The Triple Echo (1970)

bate1

/beɪt/
verb
1.
another word for abate
2.
with bated breath, holding one's breath in suspense or fear

bate2

/beɪt/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (of hawks) to jump violently from a perch or the falconer's fist, often hanging from the leash while struggling to escape
Word Origin
C13: from Old French batre to beat, from Latin battuere; related to bat1

bate3

/beɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to soak (skin or hides) in a special solution to soften them and remove chemicals used in previous treatments
noun
2.
the solution used
Word Origin
Old English bǣtan to bait1

bate4

/beɪt/
noun
1.
(Brit, slang) a bad temper or rage
Word Origin
C19: from bait1, alluding to the mood of a person who is being baited
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Bates

bate

v.

"to reduce, to lessen in intensity," c.1300, shortening of abate (q.v.). Now only in phrase bated breath, which was used by Shakespeare in "The Merchant of Venice" (1596).

c.1300, "to contend with blows or arguments," from Old French batre "to hit, beat, strike," from Late Latin battere, from Latin batuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)). In falconry, "to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the perch." Figurative sense of "to flutter downward" attested from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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