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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

batter1

[bat-er] /ˈbæt ər/
verb (used with object)
1.
to beat persistently or hard; pound repeatedly.
2.
to damage by beating or hard usage:
Rough roads had battered the car. High winds were battering the coast.
verb (used without object)
3.
to deal heavy, repeated blows; pound steadily:
continuing to batter at the front door.
noun
4.
Printing.
  1. a damaged area on the face of type or plate.
  2. the resulting defect in print.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English bateren, probably < Middle French, Old French batre to beat (see bate2), with the infinitive ending identified with -er6; compare Anglo-French baterer
Synonyms
1. belabor, smite, pelt. 2. bruise, wound; smash, shatter, shiver; destroy, ruin.

batter2

[bat-er] /ˈbæt ər/
noun
1.
a mixture of flour, milk or water, eggs, etc., beaten together for use in cookery.
verb (used with object)
2.
to coat with batter.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English bat(o)ur, bat(e)re, perhaps < Anglo-French bature, Old French bat(e)ure act of beating (bat(re) to beat (see bate2) + -eure < *-ātūra; see -ate2, -ure), reinforced by batter1

batter4

[bat-er] /ˈbæt ər/
verb (used without object)
1.
(of the face of a wall or the like) to slope backward and upward.
noun
2.
a backward and upward slope of the face of a wall or the like.
Origin
1540-50; of obscure origin
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for battered
  • Maybe it's the battered economy that is driving the public's longing for a different era.
  • Any dynamic library collection is battered in the line of duty by chewing dogs, falling rain, and trips to the beach.
  • It holds an animal whose ancestors swam freely in the sea to rocks that are often battered by powerful waves.
  • It was a huge treat to visit him at the battered newsroom with all the hustle and bustle.
  • The main part of the room is dominated by a battered work table.
  • Commodities such as copper have also been battered recently, as have financial stocks.
  • As for children, their murderers simply battered them against trees.
  • If so, it will have a nasty adverse impact on the already battered economy and stretch the medical care to extremes.
  • With all but one of the ship's hands accounted for, all eyes turned back to the battered vessel.
  • Squash blossoms are delicious stuffed, battered and fried.
British Dictionary definitions for battered

battered1

/ˈbætəd/
adjective
1.
subjected to persistent physical violence, esp by a close relative living in the same house: a battered baby

battered2

/ˈbætəd/
adjective
1.
coated in batter: a battered cod

batter1

/ˈbætə/
verb
1.
to hit (someone or something) repeatedly using heavy blows, as with a club or other heavy instrument; beat heavily
2.
(transitive; often passive) to damage or injure, as by blows, heavy wear, etc
3.
(transitive) (social welfare) to subject (a person, esp a close relative living in the same house) to repeated physical violence
4.
(transitive) to subject (a person, opinion, or theory) to harsh criticism; attack
Word Origin
C14 bateren, probably from batten to bat1

batter2

/ˈbætə/
noun
1.
a mixture of flour, eggs, and milk, used to make cakes, pancakes, etc, and to coat certain foods before frying
Word Origin
C15 bater, probably from bateren to batter1

batter3

/ˈbætə/
noun
1.
(sport) a player who bats

batter4

/ˈbætə/
noun
1.
the slope of the face of a wall that recedes gradually backwards and upwards
verb
2.
(intransitive) to have such a slope
Word Origin
C16 (vb: to incline): of uncertain origin

batter5

/ˈbætə/
noun
1.
a spree or debauch
Word Origin
C19: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for battered

batter

v.

"strike repeatedly, beat violently and rapidly," early 14c., from Old French batre "to beat, strike" (11c., Modern French battre "to beat, to strike"), from Latin battuere "to beat, strike," an old word in Latin, but almost certainly borrowed from Gaulish, from PIE root *bhau- "to strike" (cf. Welsh bathu "beat;" Old English beadu "battle," beatan "to beat," bytl "hammer, mallet"). Began to be widely used 1962 in reference to domestic abuse. Related: Battered; battering. Battering-ram is an ancient weapon (Latin aries), but the word attested only from 1610s.

n.

"flour, eggs, and milk beaten together," late 14c., from Old French batteure "a beating," from Latin battuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for battered

batter

mixture of flour and liquid with other ingredients, such as leavening agents, shortening, sugar, salt, eggs, and various flavouring materials, used to make baked products

Learn more about batter with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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