confined to bed because of illness, injury, etc.

1300–50; Middle English, variant (by confusion with past participle of ride) of bedrid Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bedridden (ˈbɛdˌrɪdən)
confined to bed because of illness, esp for a long or indefinite period
[Old English bedreda, from beddbed + -rida rider, from rīdan to ride]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from bedrid, from O.E. bedreda, lit. "bedrider, bedridden (man)," from bed + rida "rider" (see ride (v.)). Originally a noun, it became an adj. in M.E. and acquired an -en on the analogy of pp. adjs. from strong verbs such as ride.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bedridden bed·rid·den (běd'rĭd'n) or bed·rid (-rĭd')
Confined to bed because of illness or infirmity.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
It was so intense he was bedridden for almost two years, sometimes unable to sleep for days.
Bedridden people can have significant muscle wasting.
The frail, bedridden patient begged him not to proceed.
She was bedridden and arthritic, and her sight and hearing were much impaired.
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