any of various biennial plants belonging to the genus Beta, of the amaranth family, especially B. vulgaris, having a fleshy red or white root. Compare sugar beet.
the edible root of such a plant.
the leaves of such a plant, served as a salad or cooked vegetable.

before 1000; Middle English bete, Old English bēte < Latin bēta

beetlike, adjective

beat, beet (see synonym study at beat). Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
beet (biːt)
1.  See also chard any chenopodiaceous plant of the genus Beta, esp the Eurasian species B. vulgaris, widely cultivated in such varieties as the sugar beet, mangelwurzel, beetroot, and spinach beet
2.  the leaves of any of several varieties of this plant, which are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
3.  red beet the US name for beetroot
[Old English bēte, from Latin bēta]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. bete "beet, beetroot," from L. beta, said to be of Celtic origin. Common in O.E., then lost till c.1400. Still usually spoken of in plural in U.S.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Place the beet in a medium pot, cover with water and bring to a boil.
Chop beets and eat alone or mix into a salad, maybe with cooked beet greens and
We've used the beet to its fullest: sweet golden slices of the root, paired
  with dark, earthy leaves.
Place beet juice in a saucepan over medium-low heat.
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