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beguine

[buh-geen] /bəˈgin/
noun
1.
a dance in bolero rhythm that originated in Martinique.
2.
a modern social dance based on the beguine.
3.
music for either of these dances.
Origin
1930-1935
1930-35; < French (West Indies) béguine, feminine derivative of béguin biggin1, trifling love affair

Beguine

[beg-een, bey-geen, buh-geen] /ˈbɛg in, ˈbeɪ gin, bəˈgin/
noun, Roman Catholic Church
1.
a member of a lay sisterhood, founded in Liège in the 12th century.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English begyne < Middle French beguine, said to be after Lambert (le) Begue (the stammerer), founder of the order; see -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for beguine

beguine

/bɪˈɡiːn/
noun
1.
a dance of South American origin in bolero rhythm
2.
a piece of music in the rhythm of this dance
3.
a variant of biggin1
Word Origin
C20: from Louisiana French, from French béguin flirtation

Beguine

/ˈbɛɡiːn/
noun
1.
a member of a Christian sisterhood that was founded in Liège in the 12th century, and, though not taking religious vows, followed an austere life
Word Origin
C15: from Old French, perhaps after Lambert le Bègue (the Stammerer), 12th-century priest of Liège, who founded the sisterhood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for beguine

Beguine

n.

late 15c., from French béguine (13c.), Medieval Latin beguina, a member of a women's spiritual order said to have been founded c.1180 in Liege in the Low Countries. They are said to take their name from the surname of Lambert le Bègue "Lambert the Stammerer," a Liege priest who was instrumental in their founding, and it's likely the word was pejorative at first.

The order generally preserved its reputation, though it quickly drew imposters who did not; nonetheless it eventually was condemned as heretical. A male order, called Beghards founded communities by the 1220s in imitation of them, but they soon degenerated (cf. Old French beguin "(male) Beguin," also "hypocrite") and wandered begging in the guise of religion; they likely were the source of the words beg and beggar, though there is disagreement over whether Beghard produced Middle Dutch beggaert "mendicant" or was produced by it.

Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine" (1935) refers to a kind of popular dance of West Indian origin, from French colloquial béguin "an infatuation, boyfriend, girlfriend," earlier "child's bonnet," and before that "nun's headdress" (14c.), from Middle Dutch beggaert, ultimately the same word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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