An epic like Beowulf was composed for the ear, with careful alliterations within each line.
While the 2004 film The Polar Express performed well, Beowulf was a disappointment in 2007.
Borges once admonished a translator of Beowulf for making his creation “more primitive than the original.”
An epic in Old English, estimated as dating from as early as the eighth century; the earliest long work of literature in English. The critical events are the slaying of the monster Grendel and Grendel's mother by the hero Beowulf and Beowulf's battle with a dragon, in which he is mortally wounded.