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Betelgeuse

or Betelgeux

[beet-l-jooz, bet-l-jœz] /ˈbit lˌdʒuz, ˈbɛt lˌdʒœz/
noun, Astronomy
1.
a first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion.
Origin of Betelgeuse
1790-1800
1790-1800; < French < Arabic bīt al jauzāʾ shoulder of the giant (i.e., of Orion)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for Betelgeuse
Historical Examples
  • Off to one side Betelgeuse was a baleful red eye in the shoulder of Orion.

    First on the Moon Jeff Sutton
  • The reddish daylight swelled; Betelgeuse was rising quietly and majestically.

    Tony and the Beetles Philip K. Dick
  • It is odd, but my recollection is that it was the "sick enchantress" who cried "unto Betelgeuse a mystic word."

  • Cunningham looked alternately from her to Betelgeuse and the moon.

    The Burglars' Club Henry A. Hering
  • And he estimated Betelgeuse to be two hundred and sixty million miles in diameter.

    The Prairie Child Arthur Stringer
  • And, to my eye at least, Betelgeuse is redder than Arcturus.

    Astronomical Curiosities J. Ellard Gore
  • He had known Betelgeuse years ago and personally had always preferred its neighbour Rigel, which had received no publicity at all.

    Tutors' Lane Wilmarth Lewis
  • By Betelgeuse, you act as if I'd crammed those blasted tubes down their stinking little throats!

    Once a Greech Evelyn E. Smith
  • It then became golden, and afterwards reddish like Mars, Aldebaran, or Betelgeuse.

    Astronomical Curiosities J. Ellard Gore
  • And to make sure, draw one east from Betelgeuse about the same distance.

British Dictionary definitions for Betelgeuse

Betelgeuse

/ˌbiːtəlˈdʒɜːz; ˈbiːtəlˌdʒɜːz/
noun
1.
a very remote luminous red supergiant, Alpha Orionis: the second brightest star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Arabic bīt al-jauzā' literally: shoulder of the giant, that is, of Orion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Betelgeuse

bright star in the shoulder of Orion, 1515, from Arabic Ibt al Jauzah "the Armpit of the Central One." Intermediary forms include Bed Elgueze, Beit Algueze.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Betelgeuse in Science
Betelgeuse
  (bēt'l-jz')   
A red supergiant star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star with a brightest apparent magnitude of 0.5. Scientific name: Alpha Orionis. See Note at Rigel.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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