bid

1 [bid]
verb (used with object), bade or (Archaic) bad for 1, 2, 5 or bid for 3, 4; bidden or bid for 1, 2, 5 or bid for 3, 4; bidding.
1.
to command; order; direct: to bid them depart.
2.
to express (a greeting, farewell, benediction, or wish): to bid good night.
3.
Commerce. to offer (a certain sum) as the price one will pay or charge: They bid $25,000 and got the contract.
4.
Cards. to enter a bid of (a given quantity or suit): to bid two no-trump.
5.
to summon by invitation; invite.
verb (used without object), bade or (Archaic) bad for 6 or bid for 7; bidden or bid for 6 or bid for 7; bidding.
6.
to command; order; direct: I will do as you bid.
7.
to make a bid: She bid at the auction for the old chair.
noun
8.
an act or instance of bidding.
9.
Cards.
a.
an offer to make a specified number of points or to take a specified number of tricks.
b.
the amount of such an offer.
c.
the turn of a person to bid.
10.
an invitation: a bid to join the club.
11.
an attempt to attain some goal or purpose: a bid for election.
12.
Also called bid price. Stock Exchange. the highest price a prospective buyer is willing to pay for a security at a given moment.
Verb phrases, past and past participle bid, present participle bidding.
13.
bid in, Commerce. to overbid all offers for (property) at an auction in order to retain ownership.
14.
bid up, Commerce. to increase the market price of by increasing bids.
Idioms, past bade or (Archaic) bad, past participle bidden or bid, present participle bidding.
15.
bid fair. fair1 ( def 29 ).

Origin:
before 900; Middle English bidden, Old English biddan to beg, ask; cognate with Old Frisian bidda, Old Saxon biddian, Old High German bittan (German bitten), Old Norse bithja, Gothic bidjan; all < Germanic *bid-ja- (< Indo-European *bhidh-) command, akin to Greek peíthein to persuade, inspire with trust, English bide

bidder, noun

bidder, bitter.


1. charge; require, enjoin. 3. offer, tender, proffer. 8. offer, proposal; proffer.
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World English Dictionary
bid (bɪd)
 
vb (often foll by for or against) (usually foll by for) , esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7 esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7 bids, bidding, bad, bade, bid, bidden, bid
1.  to offer (an amount) in attempting to buy something, esp in competition with others as at an auction
2.  commerce to respond to an offer by a seller by stating (the more favourable terms) on which one is willing to make a purchase
3.  (tr) to say (a greeting, blessing, etc): to bid farewell
4.  to order; command: do as you are bid!
5.  to attempt to attain power, etc
6.  (tr) to invite; ask kindly: she bade him sit down
7.  bridge to declare in the auction before play how many tricks one expects to make
8.  bid defiance to resist boldly
9.  bid fair to seem probable
 
n
10.  a.  an offer of a specified amount, as at an auction
 b.  the price offered
11.  commerce
 a.  a statement by a buyer, in response to an offer by a seller, of the more favourable terms that would be acceptable
 b.  the price or other terms so stated
12.  an attempt, esp an attempt to attain power
13.  bridge
 a.  the number of tricks a player undertakes to make
 b.  a player's turn to make a bid
14.  short for bid price
 
[Old English biddan; related to German bitten]
 
'bidder
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bid
The modern verb is a merger of two old words. The sense in bid farewell is from O.E. biddan "to ask, entreat, pray, beseech; order; beg" (class V strong verb, past tense bæd, past participle beden), from P.Gmc. *bidjan "to pray, entreat" (cf. Ger. bitten "to ask," O.H.G., 8c.), which, according
to Kluge and Watkins is from a PIE base *gwhedh- "to ask, pray" (see bead). A bid at an auction, meanwhile, is from O.E. beodan "offer, proclaim" (class II strong verb; p.t. bead, p.p. boden), from P.Gmc. *biudanan "to stretch out, reach out, offer, present," (cf. Ger. bieten "to offer"), from PIE base *bh(e)udh- "to be aware, make aware" (cf. Skt. bodhati "is awake, is watchful, observes," buddhah "awakened, enlightened;" O.C.S. bljudo "to observe;" Lith. budeti "to be awake;" O.Ir. buide "contentment, thanks").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

b.i.d. abbr.
Latin bis in die (twice a day)

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
BID
  1. Bachelor of Industrial Design

  2. Spanish Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (Inter-American Development Bank)

  3. buoyancy induced dispersion

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
One by one fish are auctioned and sold to the highest bidder.
Any of these possibilities are better than what has happened in the past:
  seized wood was auctioned off to the highest bidder.
The flotsam and jetsam would go to the highest bidder.
By all means, review the copies, but then sell the books back to the highest
  bidder.
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