city, seat (1806) of Broome county, south-central New York, U.S. It lies at the confluence of the Chenango and Susquehanna rivers, near the Pennsylvania border, 75 miles (121 km) south of Syracuse. With Johnson City and Endicott, it forms the Triple Cities. Settled in 1787 at the site of an Iroquois village (Ochenang), it was first known as Chenango Point and was later named for William Bingham, who owned land tracts on both sides of the Susquehanna. Laid out in 1800, the village prospered after the Chenango and Erie canals were linked in 1837 and the Erie Railroad arrived in 1848. Its transportation advantages encouraged industrial development. Leading manufactures of the area include photo supplies, machinery, and electronic equipment; book composition, printing, and binding also are important. Dairy, livestock, and poultry industries augment the economy. In 1946 Broome Community College and the State University of New York at Binghamton (Binghamton University) were opened. The city's Roberson Center is a museum complex (arts, science, and history) and includes a planetarium and civic theatre. Binghamton is the home of two operating wood-carved carousels from the 1920s. Inc. village, 1834; city, 1867. Pop. (1990) city, 53,008; Binghamton MSA, 264,497; (2000) city, 47,380; Binghamton MSA, 252,320.
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