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[bahy-oh-jee-og-ruh-fee] /ˌbaɪ oʊ dʒiˈɒg rə fi/
noun, Ecology
the study of the geographical distribution of living things.
1890-95; bio- + geography
Related forms
biogeographer, noun
[bahy-oh-jee-uh-graf-ik] /ˌbaɪ oʊˌdʒi əˈgræf ɪk/ (Show IPA),
biogeographical, adjective
biogeographically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for biogeography
  • The journeys of animals and plants are the subject of one of science's lesser known branches, historical biogeography.
  • Adaptation to changing environments is of course the foundation of biogeography.
  • The biogeography of microbes is a hotly debated topic.
  • Then ask students to break down the root words of biogeography.
British Dictionary definitions for biogeography


the branch of biology concerned with the geographical distribution of plants and animals
Derived Forms
biogeographical (ˌbaɪəʊˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl) adjective
biogeographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for biogeography

also bio-geography, 1892, from bio- + geography. Related: Biogeographical.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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biogeography in Science
The scientific study of the geographic distribution of plant and animal life. Factors affecting distribution include the geologic history of a region, its climate and soil composition, and the presence or absence of natural barriers like deserts, oceans, and mountains. Biotic factors such as interactions among competing species, coevolutionary influences, and the reproductive and nutritional requirements of populations and species are also studied. ◇ A biogeographic region is a large, generally continuous division of the Earth's surface having a distinctive biotic community. Biogeographic regions are usually defined separately for floral and faunal communities and are largely restricted to the terrestrial areas of the Earth.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for biogeography

study of the geographic distribution of plants and animals. It is concerned not only with habitation patterns but also with the factors responsible for variations in distribution

Learn more about biogeography with a free trial on
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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