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body

[bod-ee] /ˈbɒd i/
noun, plural bodies.
1.
the physical structure and material substance of an animal or plant, living or dead.
2.
a corpse; carcass.
3.
the trunk or main mass of a thing:
the body of a tree.
4.
Anatomy, Zoology. the physical structure of a human being or animal, not including the head, limbs, and tail; trunk; torso.
5.
Architecture. the principal mass of a building.
6.
the section of a vehicle, usually in the shape of a box, cylindrical container, or platform, in or on which passengers or the load is carried.
7.
Nautical. the hull of a ship.
8.
Aeronautics. the fuselage of a plane.
9.
Printing. the shank of a type, supporting the face.
10.
Geometry. a figure having the three dimensions of length, breadth, and thickness; a solid.
11.
Physics. a mass, especially one considered as a whole.
12.
the major portion of an army, population, etc.:
The body of the American people favors the president's policy.
13.
the principal part of a speech or document, minus introduction, conclusion, indexes, etc.
14.
a person:
She's a quiet sort of body.
15.
Law. the physical person of an individual.
16.
a collective group:
student body; corporate body.
17.
Astronomy. an object in space, as a planet or star.
18.
a separate physical mass or quantity, especially as distinguished from other masses or quantities.
19.
consistency or density; richness; substance:
This wine has good body. Wool has more body than rayon.
20.
the part of a dress that covers the trunk or the part of the trunk above the waist.
21.
Ceramics. the basic material of which a ceramic article is made.
verb (used with object), bodied, bodying.
22.
to invest with or as with a body.
23.
to represent in bodily form (usually followed by forth).
adjective
24.
of or pertaining to the body; bodily.
25.
of or pertaining to the main reading matter of a book, article, etc., as opposed to headings, illustrations, or the like.
Idioms
26.
in a body, as a group; together; collectively:
We left the party in a body.
27.
keep body and soul together, to support oneself; maintain life:
Few writers can make enough to keep body and soul together without another occupation.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English bodig; akin to Old High German botah
Synonyms
1, 2. Body, carcass, corpse, cadaver agree in referring to a physical organism, usually human or animal. Body refers to the material organism of an individual, human or animal, either living or dead: the muscles in a horse's body; the body of a victim (human or animal ). Carcass refers only to the dead body of an animal, unless applied humorously or contemptuously to the human body: a sheep's carcass; Save your carcass. Corpse refers only to the dead body of a human being: preparing a corpse for burial. Cadaver refers to a dead body, usually a corpse, particularly one used for scientific study: dissection of cadavers in anatomy classes. 3. substance, bulk. 12. mass, group, throng, multitude; bulk, preponderance, majority.
Antonyms
12. handful, scattering, few.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bodies
  • Fireflies produce a chemical reaction inside their bodies that allows them to light up.
  • Further, the bodies were not decomposing as expected.
  • Fire to cook food, he reasoned, which led to bigger bodies and brains.
  • Because a new study finds that our estimates are skewed by the position of our bodies.
  • Part of the confusion stems from the fact that it is unclear how hazardous chemicals get into homes or the bodies of residents.
  • We can now get a grasp of our own feelings and actions by looking beyond our minds to our bodies and the world around us.
  • There are far too many ultra-small particles currently identified but not understood that reside in our cells and bodies.
  • The tiny cells in our bodies harbor amazing internal communication networks.
  • Not all fat is created equal-and our bodies do need some fat to function.
  • In fact, clusters are the largest gravitationally bound bodies in the universe.
British Dictionary definitions for bodies

body

/ˈbɒdɪ/
noun (pl) bodies
1.
  1. the entire physical structure of an animal or human being related adjectives corporeal physical
  2. (as modifier): body odour
2.
the flesh, as opposed to the spirit: while we are still in the body
3.
the trunk or torso, not including the limbs, head, or tail
4.
a dead human or animal; corpse
5.
the largest or main part of anything: the body of a vehicle, the body of a plant
6.
a separate or distinct mass of water or land
7.
the main part; majority: the body of public opinion
8.
the central part of a written work: the body of a thesis as opposed to the footnotes
9.
a number of individuals regarded as a single entity; group: the student body, they marched in a body
10.
(maths) a three-dimensional region with an interior
11.
(physics) an object or substance that has three dimensions, a mass, and is distinguishable from surrounding objects
12.
fullness in the appearance of the hair
13.
the characteristic full quality of certain wines, determined by the density and the content of alcohol or tannin: a Burgundy has a heavy body
14.
substance or firmness, esp of cloth
15.
the sound box of a guitar, violin, or similar stringed instrument
16.
a woman's close-fitting one-piece garment for the torso
17.
the part of a dress covering the body from the shoulders to the waist
18.
another name for shank (sense 11)
19.
  1. the pigment contained in or added to paint, dye, etc
  2. the opacity of a paint in covering a surface
  3. the apparent viscosity of a paint
20.
(in watercolour painting)
  1. a white filler mixed with pigments to make them opaque
  2. (as modifier): body colour See also gouache
21.
(printing) the measurement from top to bottom of a piece of type, usually ascender to descender
22.
an informal or dialect word for a person
23.
keep body and soul together, to manage to keep alive; survive
24.
(modifier) of or relating to the main reading matter of a book as distinct from headings, illustrations, appendices, etc: the body text
verb (transitive) bodies, bodying, bodied
25.
(usually foll by forth) to give a body or shape to
Word Origin
Old English bodig; related to Old Norse buthkr box, Old High German botah body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bodies

body

n.

Old English bodig "trunk, chest" (of a man or animal); related to Old High German botah, of unknown origin. Not elsewhere in Germanic, and the word has died out in German (replaced by leib, originally "life," and körper, from Latin). In English, extension to "person" is from late 13c. Meaning "main part" of anything was in late Old English, hence its use in reference to vehicles (1520s).

Contrasted with soul since at least mid-13c. Meaning "corpse" (short for dead body) is from late 13c. Transferred to matter generally in Middle English (e.g. heavenly body, late 14c.). Body politic "the nation, the state" first recorded 1520s, legalese, with French word order. Body image was coined 1935. Body language is attested from 1967, perhaps from French langage corporel (1966). Phrase over my dead body attested by 1833.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bodies in Medicine

body bod·y (bŏd'ē)
n.

  1. The entire material or physical structure of an organism, especially of a human.

  2. The physical part of a person.

  3. A corpse or carcass.

  4. The trunk or torso of a human, as distinguished from the head, neck, and extremities.

  5. The largest or principal part, as of an organ; corpus.

  6. A physical thing or kind of substance.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for bodies
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with bodies
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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