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Denotation vs. Connotation

bogey1

[boh-gee; for 2 also boo g-ee, boo-gee] /ˈboʊ gi; for 2 also ˈbʊg i, ˈbu gi/
noun, plural bogeys.
1.
Golf.
  1. a score of one stroke over par on a hole.
  2. par1 (def 3).
2.
bogy1 (defs 1–3).
3.
Also, bogy, bogie. Military. an unidentified aircraft or missile, especially one detected as a blip on a radar screen.
4.
bogie1 .
verb (used with object), bogeyed, bogeying.
5.
Golf. to make a bogey on (a hole):
Arnold Palmer bogeyed the 18th hole.
Origin of bogey1
1890-1895
1890-95; spelling variant of bogy2

bogey2

[boh-gee] /ˈboʊ gi/ Australian
noun, plural bogeys.
1.
a swim; bathe.
verb (used without object), bogeyed, bogeying.
2.
to swim; bathe.
Origin
< Dharuk, equivalent to bū- bathe + -gi past tense marker

bogey3

[boh-gee] /ˈboʊ gi/ (sometimes initial capital letter) Slang.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bogeyed, bogeying, noun, plural bogeys.
1.
Origin
1965-70; in reference to Bogey or Bogie, nickname of Humphrey Bogart

Bogart

[boh-gahrt] /ˈboʊ gɑrt/
noun
1.
Humphrey (DeForest) ("Bogie"or"Bogey") 1899–57, U.S. motion-picture actor.

bogy1

or bogey (for defs 1–3); bogie

[boh-gee; for 1, 2 also boo g-ee, boo-gee] /ˈboʊ gi; for 1, 2 also ˈbʊg i, ˈbu gi/
noun, plural bogies.
1.
a hobgoblin; evil spirit.
2.
anything that haunts, frightens, annoys, or harasses.
3.
something that functions as a real or imagined barrier that must be overcome, bettered, etc.:
Fear is the major bogy of novice mountain climbers. A speed of 40 knots is a bogy for motorboats.
4.
Military, bogey1 (def 3).
Origin
1830-40; bog, variant of bug2 (noun) + -y2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for bogey
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In the threatening style of lullaby, the bogey plays a considerable part.

    Essays in the Study of Folk-Songs (1886) Countess Evelyn Martinengo-Cesaresco
  • He looked like a large baby listening for a bogey in the chimney.

    Roden's Corner Henry Seton Merriman
  • In following Lamarck I am not disturbed by the bogey of teleology, or the ghost of mysticism.

    The Last Harvest John Burroughs
  • Accompanied by bogey, Mark Antony reached his quarters in safety.

  • She was not a little girl who believed in fairies or witches or the "bogey man," or anything indeed that she could not see.

    The Golden Scarecrow Hugh Walpole
  • From morning to night we race about as if the bogey man were at our heels.

  • She has done the first nine holes here at Madrid in something less than bogey.

    The Happy Golfer Henry Leach
  • Is is quite likely that the golfers of Elie worked out a bogey of their own independently.

  • Moreover, Jimmie, swore there was something "bogey" about the boy's intermittent knowledge of English.

    The Magnetic North Elizabeth Robins (C. E. Raimond)
British Dictionary definitions for bogey

bogey1

/ˈbəʊɡɪ/
noun
1.
an evil or mischievous spirit
2.
something that worries or annoys
3.
(golf)
  1. a score of one stroke over par on a hole Compare par (sense 5)
  2. (obsolete) a standard score for a hole or course, regarded as one that a good player should make
4.
(slang) a piece of dried mucus discharged from the nose
5.
(air force, slang) an unidentified or hostile aircraft
6.
(slang) a detective; policeman
verb
7.
(transitive) (golf) to play (a hole) in one stroke over par
Word Origin
C19: probably related to bug² and bogle1; compare bugaboo

bogey2

/ˈbəʊɡɪ/
verb
1.
to bathe or swim
noun
2.
a bathe or swim
Word Origin
C19: from a native Australian language

bogart

/ˈbəʊɡɑːt/
verb
1.
(transitive) (slang) to monopolize or keep (something, esp a marijuana cigarette) to oneself selfishly
Word Origin
C20: after Humphrey Bogart, on account of his alleged greed for marijuana

Bogart

/ˈbəʊɡɑːt/
noun
1.
Humphrey (DeForest). nicknamed Bogie. 1899–1957, US film actor: his films include High Sierra (1941), Casablanca (1942), The Big Sleep (1946), The African Queen (1951), and The Caine Mutiny (1954)

bogy

/ˈbəʊɡɪ/
noun (pl) -gies
1.
a variant spelling of bogey1 , bogie1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for bogey
verb

to bully someone into giving something up

Examples

He tried to bogart his way in.

Word Origin

probably from Humphrey Bogart, US actor

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin and History for bogey
n.

World War II aviator slang for "unidentified aircraft, presumably hostile," probably ultimately from bogge, a variant of Middle English bugge "a frightening specter" (see bug (n.)). Thus it shares ancestry with many dialect words, such as bog/bogge (attested 16c.-17c.), bogeyman (16c.), boggart "specter that haunts a gloomy spot" (c.1570, in Westmoreland, Lancashire, Cheshire, and Yorkshire). The earliest modern form appears to be Scottish bogle "ghost," attested from c.1500 and popularized c.1800 in English literature by Scott, Burns, etc.

in golfing, c.1891, originally "number of strokes a good player is supposed to need for a given hole or course;" later, "score one over par" (1946); from the same source as bogey (n.1), on the notion of a "phantom" opponent, represented by the "ground score." The word was in vogue at the time in Britain because of the popularity of a music hall tune "Hush, Hush, Hush, Here Comes the Bogey Man."

One popular song at least has left its permanent effect on the game of golf. That song is 'The Bogey Man.' In 1890 Dr. Thos. Browne, R.N., the hon. secretary of the Great Yarmouth Club, was playing against a Major Wellman, the match being against the 'ground score,' which was the name given to the scratch value of each hole. The system of playing against the 'ground score' was new to Major Wellman, and he exclaimed, thinking of the song of the moment, that his mysterious and well-nigh invincible opponent was a regular 'bogey-man.' The name 'caught on' at Great Yarmouth, and to-day 'Bogey' is one of the most feared opponents on all the courses that acknowledge him. [1908, cited in OED]
Other early golfing sources give it an American origin. As a verb, attested by 1948.

bogart

v.

1969, "to keep a joint in your mouth," dangling from the lip like Humphrey Bogart's cigarette in the old movies, instead of passing it on. First attested in "Easy Rider." The word was also used 1960s with notions of "get something by intimidation, be a tough guy" (again with reference to the actor and the characters he typically played). In old drinking slang, Captain Cork was "a man slow in passing the bottle."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for bogey

bogey

noun

  1. A police officer (1930s+ Underworld)
  2. An enemy aircraft, esp an attacking fighter plane (WWII Army Air Forces fr British RAF)
  3. A golf score of one stroke over par on a given hole (late 1800s+ British)

[all senses fr bogy or bogey, ''evil spirit, hobgoblin,'' the boogy or boogy-man invoked to frighten children; the golf sense originated in 1890 when Dr Thomas Browne, a naval surgeon, compared his opponent, the ''ground score,'' to the ''Bogey Man'' of a popular song, at any rate, so it is said]

bogart

verb

  1. To behave truculently; get something by intimidation: The little old lady bogarted her way into the grocery line/ some hotshot from Brooklyn trying to Bogart a game from the regulars
  2. (also bogart a joint) To take more than one's share, esp of a marijuana cigarette; hog

[1960s+ Black; fr the tough roles played in films by Humphrey Bogart]

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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