boot camp

noun U.S. Navy, Marines.
a camp for training recruits.

1940–45, Americanism Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
boot camp
1.  slang (US) a basic training camp for new recruits to the US Navy or Marine Corps
2.  a centre for juvenile offenders, with a strict disciplinary regime, hard physical exercise, and community labour programmes

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

boot camp
1944, U.S. Marines slang, said to be from boot as slang for "recruit," which supposedly dates from the Spanish-American War and is a synecdoche from boots, leggings worn by U.S. sailors.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Think of them instead as boot camp drill instructors, whipping out of shape or
  underperforming laggards into top-flight athletes.
Month three of boot camp has begun, but the pounds stubbornly refuse to budge.
But, one mistake later, the eighth-grader who had never known trouble faces
  five months in a military-style boot camp.
The boot camp, so popular that it has been expanded to six times a year, plays
  out against a magnificent backdrop.
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