bougie

bougie

[boo-jee, -zhee, boo-zhee]
noun
1.
Medicine/Medical.
a.
a slender, flexible instrument introduced into passages of the body, especially the urethra, for dilating, examining, medicating, etc.
b.
a suppository.
2.
a wax candle.

Origin:
1745–55; < French, after Bougie (< Arabic Bujāyah), town in Algeria, center of the wax trade

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World English Dictionary
bougie (ˈbuːʒiː, buːˈʒiː)
 
n
med a long slender semiflexible cylindrical instrument for inserting into body passages, such as the rectum or urethra, to dilate structures, introduce medication, etc
 
[C18: from French, originally a wax candle from Bougie (Bujiya), Algeria]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bougie
"wax candle," 1755, from Fr. bougie "wax candle," from Bugia, Algeria, (Arabic Bijiyah), a town with an established wax trade.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bougie bou·gie (bōō'zhē, -jē)
n.
A cylindrical instrument, usually somewhat flexible and yielding, used for calibrating or dilating constricted areas in tubular organs, such as the urethra or rectum.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bougie

town, Mediterranean port, northeastern Algeria. The town lies at the mouth of the Wadi Soummam. Sheltered by Mount Gouraya (2,165 feet [660 m]) and Cape Carbon, it receives an annual average rainfall of 40 inches (1,000 mm) and is surrounded by a fertile plain. The older town, built on the mountain slope, descends to the French-built sector spread along the road to Algiers and containing the business and industrial quarters

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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