bout

[bout]
noun
1.
a contest or trial of strength, as of boxing.
2.
period; session; spell: a bout of illness.
3.
a turn at work or any action.
4.
a going and returning across a field, as in mowing or reaping.

Origin:
1535–45; variant of obsolete bought bend, turn, derivative of bow bow1; see bight


1. match, fray, encounter.
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World English Dictionary
bout (baʊt)
 
n
1.  a.  a period of time spent doing something, such as drinking
 b.  a period of illness
2.  a contest or fight, esp a boxing or wrestling match
 
[C16: variant of obsolete bought turn; related to German Buchtbight; see about]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bout
1540s, from M.E. bught, probably from an unrecorded O.E. variant of byht "a bend," from P.Gmc. *bukhta-. Sense evolved from "a circuit of any kind" (as of a plow) to "a round at any kind of exercise" (1570s), "a round at fighting" (1590s), "a fit of drinking" (1660s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But a bout of nerves that began last month seems to be worsening.
After a bout of the flu, lingering germs can wreak havoc on the weakened immune
  system.
Still, it was pretty exciting, especially when the gloves were removed for a
  bare-knuckle bout.
The process literally plunged me into a bout with clinical depression.
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