boyar

[boh-yahr, boi-er]
noun
1.
Russian History. a member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank dependent on state service.
2.
a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
Also, boyard [boh-yahrd, boi-erd] .


Origin:
1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin, akin to OCS bolyarinŭ (translating Greek megistán man of high status), Bulgarian bolyár(in); of disputed orig.

boyarism, boyardism, noun
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World English Dictionary
boyar (ˈbəʊjɑː, ˈbɔɪə)
 
n
a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
 
[C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

boyar
1590s, "member of a Russian aristocratic class (abolished by Peter the Great)," from Rus. boyarin, perhaps from boji "struggle," or from O.Slav. root bol- "great."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for boyar
Being only a land owner was not enough to be considered boyar.
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