The main distinction taken is between dolichocephalic and brachycephalic, or long and broad skulls.
The skull is brachycephalic with an average index of about 80.
Seven are brachycephalic and seven are mesaticephalic while one is dolichocephalic (73.2).
They are the shortest and most brachycephalic race in Europe.
brachycephalic and dolichocephalic people nearly equal in number.
They are brachycephalic with a cephalic index between 82 and 85; one was mesocephalic with an index of 78.
A new problem was thus presented: were the Aryans a brachycephalic (broad-headed) or a dolichocephalic (long-headed) people?
These are linguistically far apart, but it is a question whether the brachycephalic element in both is not originally the same.
The most brachycephalic of all these peoples are met with in the Transcaucasus; their mean average is 88.7.
But this blond type is perhaps best accounted for as a hybrid of the dolicho-blond crossed on the Alpine brachycephalic brunet.