bracken

[brak-uhn]
noun
1.
a large fern or brake, especially Pteridium aquilinum.
2.
a cluster or thicket of such ferns; an area overgrown with ferns and shrubs.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English braken < Scandinavian; compare Swedish bräken fern, Norwegian brake juniper

brackened, adjective
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World English Dictionary
bracken (ˈbrækən)
 
n
1.  Also called: brake any of various large coarse ferns, esp Pteridium aquilinum, having large fronds with spore cases along the undersides and extensive underground stems
2.  a clump of any of these ferns
 
[C14: of Scandinavian origin; compare Swedish bräken, Danish bregne]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bracken
"coarse fern," early 14c., northern England word, from a Scandinavian source (cf. Dan. bregne, Swedish bräken "fern").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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