brasilia

Brasília

[bruh-zil-yuh; Portuguese brah-zeel-yuh]
noun
a city in and the capital of Brazil, on the central plateau.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Brazil

[bruh-zil]
noun
a republic in South America. 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Capital: Brasília.
Portuguese and Spanish Brasil.

Brazilian [bruh-zil-yuhn] , adjective, noun
pro-Brazilian, adjective, noun
pseudo-Brazilian, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Brasília (brəˈzɪljə, Portuguese brəziˈliːa)
 
n
the capital of Brazil (since 1960), on the central plateau: the former capital was Rio de Janeiro. Pop: 3 341 000 (2005 est)

brazil or brasil (brəˈzɪl)
 
n
1.  Also called: brazil wood the red wood obtained from various tropical leguminous trees of the genus Caesalpinia, such as C. echinata of America: used for cabinetwork
2.  See also brazilin the red or purple dye extracted from any of these woods
3.  short for brazil nut
 
[C14: from Old Spanish brasil, from brasa glowing coals, of Germanic origin; referring to the redness of the wood; see braise]
 
brasil or brasil
 
n
 
[C14: from Old Spanish brasil, from brasa glowing coals, of Germanic origin; referring to the redness of the wood; see braise]

Brazil (brəˈzɪl)
 
n
a republic in South America, comprising about half the area and half the population of South America: colonized by the Portuguese from 1500 onwards; became independent in 1822 and a republic in 1889; consists chiefly of the tropical Amazon basin in the north, semiarid scrub in the northeast, and a vast central tableland; an important producer of coffee and minerals, esp iron ore. Official language: Portuguese. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: real. Capital: Brasília. Pop: 180 655 000 (2004 est). Area: 8 511 957 sq km (3 286 470 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Brazil
1550s, from Sp./Port. terra de brasil "red-dye-wood land," from Sp. brasil or It. brasile, probably connected to Fr. braize (see braize) for resemblance of color to a glowing ember (but O.It. form verzino suggests a possible connection with Arabic wars "saffron"). Originally
the name of a type of wood from an E. Indian tree, used in making dye; the name later was transferred to a similar South American species. Brazil in reference to the wood is attested in English from late 14c. Complicating matters is Hy Brasil, a name applied by 1436 to one of the larger Azores Islands, later transferred to a legendary island or rock off the west coast of Ireland (sighted in 1791 at lat. 51° 10', long. 15° 58').
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Brasilia [(bruh-zil-yuh)]

Capital of Brazil, located in its central highlands.

Note: One of the newest cities in the world, Brasilia was inaugurated in 1960 to replace Rio de Janeiro as Brazil's capital. The Brazilian government moved the capital in an effort to promote development in central Brazil. In less than thirty years, its population had grown to over a million inhabitants.

Brazil definition


Republic in eastern South America. It borders on every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. Its capital is Brasilia, and its largest city is São Paulo.

Note: The largest of the Latin-American countries, Brazil occupies almost half of South America.
Note: It is the world's leading coffee exporter.
Note: The only country in South America whose history was dominated by Portugal; it is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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