brazilwood

[bruh-zil-wood]
noun
1.
any of several tropical trees of the genus Caesalpinia, as C. echinata, having wood from which a red dye is obtained.
2.
the wood of such a tree.

Origin:
1550–60; brazil + wood1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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brazilwood

dense, compact dyewood from any of various tropical trees whose extracts yield bright crimson and deep purple colours. Brazilwood is also used in cabinetwork. In ancient and medieval times, the brazilwood imported to Europe from the Middle East was Caesalpinia braziliensis and other species of Caesalpinia. Caesalpinia echinata (called pau-brasil in Portuguese) is indigenous to the Brazilian coast and played a role in the naming of that country.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Sandalwood is a threatened species and brazilwood is an endangered species.
In a short time, the exploitation of brazilwood initiated the first economic cycle in the new colony's history.
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