breakaway

[breyk-uh-wey]
noun
1.
an act or instance of breaking away; secession; separation: the breakaway of two provinces from a state.
2.
a departure or break from routine or tradition: a three-day breakaway in the Bahamas.
3.
a person or thing that breaks away.
4.
an object, as a theatrical prop, constructed so that it breaks or falls apart easily, especially upon impact.
5.
Ice Hockey. a sudden rush down the ice by a player or players in an attempt to score a goal, after breaking clear of defending opponents.
6.
Football. a run by an offensive player breaking through the defense for a long gain.
7.
Basketball. fast break.
8.
Australian.
a.
a stampede.
b.
an animal that breaks away from the herd or flock.
adjective
9.
of, pertaining to, or being that which separates or secedes: the breakaway faction of the Socialist party.
10.
departing from routine or tradition.
11.
constructed of such lightweight material or in such a way as to shatter or come apart easily: breakaway highway signposts; Build a breakaway set for the barroom brawl.
12.
(of theatrical costumes) constructed so as to be quickly removable, as by a performer playing several roles.

Origin:
1885–95; noun, adj. use of verb phrase break away

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
breakaway (ˈbreɪkəˌweɪ)
 
n
1.  a.  loss or withdrawal of a group of members from an association, club, etc
 b.  (as modifier): a breakaway faction
2.  sport
 a.  a sudden attack, esp from a defensive position, in football, hockey, etc
 b.  an attempt to get away from the rest of the field in a race
3.  (Austral) a stampede of cattle, esp at the smell of water
 
vb
4.  (often foll by from) to leave hastily or escape
5.  to withdraw or secede
6.  sport to make a breakaway
7.  horse racing to start prematurely

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

breakaway
1906 (n.), in reference to sports; 1930s (adj.) in reference to splinter groups; from break (v.) + away.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Gore is a breakaway threat who is also a tough inside runner, often knocking
  back would-be tacklers on his way to the end zone.
Cynics note that the muddled customs regime in the breakaway region is
  lucrative for outsiders and insiders alike.
Even though hitch component failure is rare, the breakaway switch and the
  safety chains must be in good working order.
For systems that will be wired in ground for power, all electrical wiring
  connectors must be breakaway.
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