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breeches

[brich-iz] /ˈbrɪtʃ ɪz/
noun, (used with a plural verb)
1.
Also called knee breeches. knee-length trousers, often having ornamental buckles or elaborate decoration at or near the bottoms, commonly worn by men and boys in the 17th, 18th, and early 19th centuries.
3.
Informal. trousers.
Idioms
4.
too big for one's breeches, asserting oneself beyond one's authority or ability.
Origin of breeches
1125-1175
1125-75; Middle English, plural of breech
Can be confused
breeches, britches.

breech

[n. breech; v. breech, brich] /n. britʃ; v. britʃ, brɪtʃ/
noun
1.
the lower, rear part of the trunk of the body; buttocks.
2.
the hinder or lower part of anything.
3.
Ordnance. the rear part of the bore of a gun, especially the opening and associated mechanism that permits insertion of a projectile.
4.
Machinery. the end of a block or pulley farthest from the supporting hook or eye.
5.
Nautical. the outside angle of a knee in the frame of a ship.
verb (used with object)
6.
Ordnance. to fit or furnish (a gun) with a breech.
7.
to clothe with breeches.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English breeche, Old English brēc, plural of brōc; cognate with Old Norse brōk, Old High German bruoh
Related forms
unbreeched, adjective
Can be confused
breach, breech (see synonym study at breach)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for breeches
Historical Examples
  • Deslauriers held his tongue, as he had the bank-notes that had been given to him in his breeches' pocket.

    Sentimental Education Vol 1 Gustave Flaubert
  • The man hath a straight sword within he leg of his breeches.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Which feels the cold most, the Highlander with his kilt and bare legs, or the Sassenach with his drawers and breeches?

    Where Art Begins Hume Nisbet
  • It is an excrescence, not an essential garment like the shirt and breeches.

    Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2) William Delisle Hay
  • Dressing was rapid, for Chris, like the rest of the sailors in the tropic heat, wore only his breeches.

    Mr. Wicker's Window Carley Dawson
  • His lordship threw off his dressing-gown and stood forth in shirt and breeches.

    Mistress Wilding Rafael Sabatini
  • He started very early—dressed in a blue tailed coat, breeches, and top-boots—and surveyed until dusk.

    Lives of the Engineers Samuel Smiles
  • Who had given him the breeches on his legs and the hat upon his shallow pate?

    Slain By The Doones R. D. Blackmore
  • "Held my head above water, breeches buoy and all that sort of thing," said Stover, remembering something in Dickens.

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
  • I will be frank with you—these breeches in which you behold me are my only ones.

    Two Sides of the Face Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
British Dictionary definitions for breeches

breeches

/ˈbrɪtʃɪz; ˈbriː-/
plural noun
1.
trousers extending to the knee or just below, worn for riding, mountaineering, etc
2.
(informal or dialect) any trousers
3.
too big for one's breeches, conceited; unduly self-confident

breech

noun (briːtʃ)
1.
the lower dorsal part of the human trunk; buttocks; rump
2.
the lower part or bottom of something: the breech of the bridge
3.
the lower portion of a pulley block, esp the part to which the rope or chain is secured
4.
the part of a firearm behind the barrel or bore
5.
(obstetrics) short for breech delivery
verb (transitive) (briːtʃ; brɪtʃ)
6.
to fit (a gun) with a breech
7.
(archaic) to clothe in breeches or any other clothing
See also breeches
Usage note
Breech is sometimes wrongly used as a verb where breach is meant: the barrier/agreement was breached (not breeched)
Word Origin
Old English brēc, plural of brōc leg covering; related to Old Norse brōk, Old High German bruoh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for breeches
n.

c.1200, a double plural, from Old English brec "breeches," which already was plural of broc "garment for the legs and trunk," from Proto-Germanic *brokiz (cf. Old Norse brok, Dutch broek, Danish brog, Old High German bruoh, German Bruch, obsolete since 18c. except in Swiss dialect), perhaps from PIE root *bhreg- (see break (v.)). The Proto-Germanic word is a parallel form to Celtic *bracca, source (via Gaulish) of Latin braca (cf. French braies), and some propose that the Germanic word group is borrowed from Gallo-Latin, others that the Celtic was from Germanic.

Expanded sense of "part of the body covered by breeches, posterior" led to senses in childbirthing (1670s) and gunnery ("the part of a firearm behind the bore," 1570s). As the popular word for "trousers" in English, displaced in U.S. c.1840 by pants. The Breeches Bible (Geneva Bible of 1560) so called on account of rendition of Gen. iii:7 (already in Wyclif) "They sewed figge leaues together, and made themselues breeches."

breech

n.

"back part of a gun or firearm," 1570s, from singular of breeches (q.v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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breeches in Medicine

breech (brēch)
n.
The lower rear portion of the human trunk; the buttocks.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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breeches in the Bible

(Ex. 28:42), rather linen drawers, reaching from the waist to a little above the knee, worn by the priests (Ezek. 44:17, 18).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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15
16
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