brevet

[bruh-vet, brev-it]
noun
1.
a commission promoting a military officer to a higher rank without increase of pay and with limited exercise of the higher rank, often granted as an honor immediately before retirement.
verb (used with object), brevetted, brevetting or breveted, breveting.
2.
to appoint, promote, or honor by brevet.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English < Anglo-French; Old French brievet. See brief, -et

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
brevet (ˈbrɛvɪt)
 
n
1.  a document entitling a commissioned officer to hold temporarily a higher military rank without the appropriate pay and allowances
 
vb , -vets, -vetting, -vetted, -vets, -veting, -veted
2.  (tr) to promote by brevet
 
[C14: from Old French brievet a little letter, from brief letter; see brief]
 
'brevetcy
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brevet
mid-14c., from O.Fr. brievet "letter, note, piece of paper; papal indulgence" (13c.), dim. of bref "letter, note" (see brief). Army sense is from 1680s. As a verb, 1839, from Fr. breveter. Related: Breveted.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

brevet

form of military commission formerly used in the U.S. and British armies. Under the system in which an officer was customarily promoted within his regiment or corps, a brevet conferred upon him a rank in the army at large higher than that held in his corps. Frequently it carried with it the pay, right to command, and uniform of the higher grade. In the United States especially, brevet rank was widely bestowed as a reward for outstanding service; it became the subject of extensive confusion and controversy during the American Civil War. After 1865, U.S. brevet rank was gradually stripped of its benefits, and officers were rewarded instead by decorations. Commission by brevet was declared obsolete in 1922. Special commissions bearing some of the characteristics of the brevet have been used in other armies.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Brevet rank shall be considered strictly honorary and shall confer no privilege of precedence or command, nor pay any emoluments.
He failed his brevet exam, and subsequently dropped out of school.
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