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broccoli

[brok-uh-lee, brok-lee] /ˈbrɒk ə li, ˈbrɒk li/
noun
1.
a form of a cultivated cruciferous plant, Brassica oleracea botrytis, whose leafy stalks and clusters of usually green buds are eaten as a vegetable.
Compare cauliflower.
Origin of broccoli
1690-1700
1690-1700; < Italian, plural of broccolo, equivalent to brocc(o) sprout (< Late Latin; see broach) + -olo diminutive suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for broccoli

broccoli

/ˈbrɒkəlɪ/
noun
1.
a cultivated variety of cabbage, Brassica oleracea italica, having branched greenish flower heads
2.
the flower head of this plant, eaten as a vegetable before the buds have opened
3.
a variety of this plant that does not form a head, whose stalks are eaten as a vegetable
Word Origin
C17: from Italian, plural of broccolo a little sprout, from brocco sprout, spike; see brocade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for broccoli
n.

1690s, from Italian broccoli, plural of broccolo "a sprout, cabbage sprout," diminutive of brocco "shoot, protruding tooth, small nail" (see brocade (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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